Table 1.

Number of incident cases during 12 years of follow-up across centers of the EPIC study and mean intake of meat and its subtypes

Mean intake (g/1,000 kcals)
CountryCohort size (n)Person-yearsSCC (n)Total meatRed meatProcessed meatPoultry
Italy44,541515,9234546.1 (19.9)21.9 (13.2)10.7 (8.0)11.7 (8.7)
Spain40,002493,3808860.1 (24.9)20.1 (15.4)17.0 (13.8)17.7 (14.3)
UK HC45,888510,5133922.1 (12.2)9.1 (4.8)8.2 (4.8)5.1 (6.1)
UK GP29,510354,0005843.0 (14.7)14.4 (8.8)14.3 (6.6)12.8 (6.4)
The Netherlands36,505443,6466251.5 (24.2)30.4 (16.7)14.3 (11.5)6.3 (7.2)
Germany48,583495,5068451.2 (24.7)15.0 (11.1)29.3 (17.3)6.3 (6.4)
Sweden48,693669,7099445.0 (19.1)13.3 (10.5)20.0 (12.1)5.3 (6.4)
Denmark55,016624,62321259.8 (20.6)34.8 (14.3)13.1 (8.6)10.1 (8.7)
Total348,7384,107,30068247.7 (15.9)20.5 (16.1)15.5 (8.9)9.4 (10.2)

NOTE: All values are means (SD) as estimated from the dietary questionnaires.

UK HC, United Kingdom Health Conscious; UK GP, United Kingdom General Population.