Table 1.

Characteristics of study participants of the Chicago Cancer Navigation Project

Breast Cancer (N = 352a)Cervical Cancer (N = 545a)
Controls (n = 205)Navigated (n = 147)Controls (n = 337)Navigated (n = 208)
CharacteristicsN (%)N (%)P valueAll sitesN (%)N (%)P valueAll sites
Race and ethnicity0.050b0.915b
 Black68 (34%)43 (29%)111 (32%)209 (62%)136 (65%)345 (63%)
 Hispanic126 (62%)104 (71%)230 (66%)120 (36%)69 (33%)189 (35%)
 White6 (3%)_6 (1%)5 (1%)3 (2%)8 (1%)
 Other2 (1%)_2 (1%)1 (1%)_1 (1%)
Primary language0.1310.007b
 English84 (41%)50 (34%)134 (38%)220 (65%)152 (73%)372 (68%)
 Spanish115 (56%)87 (59%)202 (57%)113 (34%)49 (24%)162 (30%)
 Other6 (3%)10 (7%)16 (5%)3 (1%)7 (3%)10 (2%)
Age (mean, SD)49.3 (9.4)41.2 (10.5)<0.000145.9 (10.7)30.0 (10.5)29.6 (10.3)0.64629.9 (10.4)
Marital status0.7720.182
 Current partnered73 (37%)54 (37%)127 (37%)44 (13%)33 (16%)77 (14%)
 Never partnered96 (48%)66 (46%)162 (47%)270 (82%)157 (76%)427 (80%)
 Past partnered29 (15%)25 (17%)54 (16%)15 (5%)16 (8%)31 (6%)
Insurance status<0.00010.003
 Private40 (20%)6 (4%)46 (13%)76 (23%)25 (12%)101 (19%)
 Uninsured121 (59%)122 (84%)243 (70%)126 (37%)74 (36%)200 (37%)
 Public43 (21%)18 (12%)61 (17%)135 (40%)107 (52%)242 (44%)
Eligibility for breast<0.0001b
 Abnormal clinical breast exam22 (11%)91 (62%)113 (32%)
 Abnormal mammogram183 (89%)55 (37%)238 (67%)
  BI-RADS 0148 (81%)51 (93%)0.065b199 (83%)
  BI-RADS 332 (17%)3 (5%)35 (15%)
  BI-RADS 4/5/other3 (2%)1 (2%)4 (2%)
Abnormal ultrasound_1 (1%)1 (1%)
  BI-RADS other1 (100%)
Eligibility for cervical0.001
 Abnormal Pap low-grade314 (94%)177 (85%)491 (91%)
 Abnormal Pap high-grade20 (6%)31 (15%)51 (9%)
  • aNot all variables sum to N = 352 for breast cancer and N = 545 for cervical cancer because of missing data in some of the variables.

  • bP value calculated using Fisher exact test.