Table 2.

Demographic characteristics of cervical cancer screening subjects in the Boston Patient Navigation Research Program by Study Site Group (navigation vs. control sites) across the 2 study periods (baseline vs. intervention; N = 1,763)

Baseline period 2004–2005Intervention period 2007–2008
Navigation sites, N (%)Control sites, N (%)PaNavigation sites, N (%)Control sites, N (%)PaAll sites, N (%)
Cervical screening abnormalities2342407255641,763
Age, y
 18–2031 (13)17 (7)0.00182 (11)67 (12)0.04197 (11)
 21–30114 (49)158 (66)389 (54)337 (60)998 (57)
 30+89 (38)65 (27)254 (35)160 (28)568 (32)
Insurance
 None109 (46)87 (37)0.09287 (40)107 (19)<0.0001590 (34)
 Public72 (31)77 (33)281 (39)221 (39)651 (37)
 Private53 (23)69 (30)157 (21)236 (42)515 (29)
Race/ethnicity
 African American105 (45)55 (23)<0.0001285 (39)123 (22)<0.0001568 (32)
 Hispanic52 (22)77 (32)304 (42)117 (21)550 (31)
 White33 (14)88 (37)129 (18)277 (49)527 (30)
 Otherb44 (19)20 (8)7 (1)47 (8)118 (7)
Language
 English163 (71)158 (78)0.09447 (62)478 (85)<0.00011,246 (72)
 Spanish38 (17)33 (16)215 (30)39 (7)325 (19)
 Otherc27 (12)12 (6)63 (8)47 (8)149 (9)
Cervical abnormality
 Low graded205 (88)209 (87)0.86685 (96)526 (95)0.271,625 (93)
 High gradee29 (12)31 (13)27 (4)28 (5)115 (7)
  • aP value for test of homogeneity of proportions.

  • bMost common response was Asian (of which 53% were Vietnamese).

  • cMost common other languages included Vietnamese (20%), Albanian (8%), Portuguese, and Portuguese Creole (19%).

  • dIncludes the following Pap test results: ASCUS/HPV+ (Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance/positive for human papillomavirus) and LGSIL (low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion).

  • eIncludes the following Pap test results: AGUS, HGSIL, and carcinoma.