Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of cases and controls from the SCHS

CharacteristicsCases (n = 422)Controls (n = 874)P value
Age at sample collection (y)66.1 ± 8.057.6 ± 8.0<0.0001
Gender (% male)59.243.4<0.0001
Dialect (% Cantonese)45.350.60.07
Education (% secondary or high)25.433.40.003
Smoking (% ever smoker)42.926.1<0.0001
Alcohol drinking (% weekly drinker)23.719.50.08
History of diabetes (%)14.29.50.01
Body mass index (kg/m2)23.0 ± 3.122.8 ± 3.10.12
Physical activity (% weekly)35.135.40.92