Table 2

Comparison of dietary recall and 5 A Day method measures of servings per day of fruit and vegetables (n = 260), Seattle 5 A Day Worksite Project (7)

Fruit and vegetable groupDietary recalla ( ± SD)b5 A Day method ( ± SD)brc
Total4.07 ± 2.073.32 ± 1.91d0.50
Total, excluding fried3.78 ± 2.043.15 ± 1.93d0.55
Fruit+ Juice1.41 ± 1.141.45 ± 1.190.57
Juice0.37 ± 0.490.56 ± 0.64d0.52
Fruit0.97 ± 0.890.84 ± 0.77e0.59
Total vegetable2.53 ± 1.391.80 ± 0.99d0.33
Salad/raw vegetables0.74 ± 0.700.43 ± 0.34d0.39
Cooked, excluding fried vegetables1.44 ± 0.921.37 ± 0.97d0.27
Fried vegetables0.21 ± 0.360.13 ± 0.14d0.30
  • a Mean of three 24-h recalls.

  • b Geometric mean, SD back-transformed into original units.

  • c Pearson correlations, all P < 0.001.

  • d Versus dietary recall, P < 0.001.

  • e Versus dietary recall, P < 0.01.