Table 3

Reproductive hormone concentrations during the low-iso diet periodab

Equol excretors (n = 5)Equol non-excretors (n = 9)P
E2 (pmol/l)
EF90.7 ± 14.1103.4 ± 14.70.56
MF176.9 ± 48.5157.9 ± 20.20.68
PO402.0 ± 63.1390.6 ± 29.40.86
ML279.4 ± 45.9294.8 ± 25.00.75
E1 (pmol/l)
EF64.0 ± 6.8*86.9 ± 6.90.04
MF104.3 ± 21.8110.6 ± 10.00.77
PO171.3 ± 24.0222.3 ± 27.00.22
ML122.1 ± 9.6*179.8 ± 15.20.004
E1-S (nmol/l)
EF1.55 ± 0.4*3.26 ± 0.50.03
MF4.14 ± 1.64.81 ± 0.70.67
PO7.62 ± 2.315.7 ± 3.70.14
ML4.88 ± 1.0*10.7 ± 2.00.02
Progesterone (nmol/l)
EF2.23 ± 0.82.58 ± 0.60.72
MF1.49 ± 0.32.07 ± 0.40.27
PO4.52 ± 1.15.47 ± 0.70.44
ML56.9 ± 6.0*31.5 ± 4.00.002
Progesterone:E2
EF31.0 ± 11.927.4 ± 5.10.79
MF12.7 ± 3.315.2 ± 1.80.48
PO25.9 ± 15.821.9 ± 2.70.82
ML270.9 ± 65.2*108.4 ± 11.20.04
LH (IU/l)
EF5.74 ± 0.56.82 ± 1.50.51
MF8.00 ± 1.48.91 ± 2.20.73
PO18.5 ± 4.519.3 ± 3.10.89
ML6.21 ± 0.46.50 ± 1.20.82
FSH (IU/l)
EF4.13 ± 0.34.30 ± 0.30.69
MF3.86 ± 0.44.55 ± 0.30.13
PO4.00 ± 0.64.03 ± 0.50.96
ML2.67 ± 0.3*1.87 ± 0.20.04
  • a Mean ± SE within the low-iso diet period.

  • b Values within rows with different symbols(*) are significantly different (P < 0.05).