Table 2

Subject characteristics and dietary intakea

Equol excretors (n = 5)Equol non-excretors (n = 9)P
Age (yr)28.6 ± 1.725.3 ± 1.60.22
Body weight (kg)62.2 ± 3.564.7 ± 2.70.59
BMI (kg/m2)22.1 ± 1.123.2 ± 0.60.40
% body fatb26.7 ± 2.528.9 ± 1.60.44
MC length (days)c31.2 ± 2.028.7 ± 1.30.28
FP length (days)d17.4 ± 2.616.6 ± 1.30.75
LP length (days)e13.9 ± 0.512.1 ± 0.70.12
Energy (kcal)f2314 ± 1002266 ± 590.66
Protein (g)f116.4 ± 4.7113.4 ± 2.90.57
Carbohydrate (g)f292.9 ± 14.1301.6 ± 10.10.61
Fat (g)f77.5 ± 3.871.8 ± 3.10.26
Dietary fiber (g)f9.70 ± 0.88.45 ± 0.40.12
  • a Mean ± SE within the low-iso diet period.

  • b Determined from skinfold thicknesses.

  • c MC, menstrual cycle.

  • d FP, follicular phase.

  • e LP, luteal phase.

  • f Based on seven 3-day food records per subject; includes contributions from the soy powder.