Table 1

Daily intake of carotenoids, vitamins C and E, and folate in male lung cancer cases and subcohort members: Netherlands Cohort Study 1986–1992

UnitCasesa (n = 939)Subcohorta (n = 1525)
α-Caroteneμg/day644 (486)691 (555)
β-Caroteneμg/day2813 (1383)2976 (1555)
Lutein + Zeaxanthinμg/day2455 (1152)2554 (1149)
β-Cryptoxanthinμg/day138 (159)152 (160)
Lycopeneμg/day983 (1517)1050 (1560)
Vitamin Cmg/day92 (42)98 (42)
Vitamin Emg/day14.4 (6.4)14.7 (6.6)
Folateμg/day291 (82)303 (80)
Vitamin C supplement use% yes6.3%8.2%
Vitamin E supplement use% yes4.3%4.8%
  • a Mean (SD).