Table 1

Risk factors for pancreatic cancer and their interpretation by the cadmium hypothesis

Risk factorExplanation by cadmium hypothesis
AgeCadmium accumulates in the pancreas with age.
SmokingCadmium is a contaminant of cigarettes. The pancreata of smokers contains twice the amount of cadmium as the pancreata of nonsmokers.
GeographyIncreased rates in Louisiana are consistent with cadmium pollution. International mortality rates are positively correlated with dietary cadmium.
OccupationOccupations with high exposure to cadmium show increased mortality from pancreatic cancer.