Table 5

Cognitive and behavioral interventions

Reference no.Sample sizeWomen screenedEffect95% CI
InterventionControlInterventionControl
Provider-targeted interventions usual care control77a29013893 (32%)6 (4%)28(21.7–34.3)
64a38538581 (21%)23 (6%)15(10.4–19.8)
78bNEcNE10.8%1.7%9.1NE
72aNENE78% 57%21NE
SummaryQ = 9.821(8.8–33.6)
Provider and patient-targeted interventions74b129227Pre, 31 (24%)Pre, 45 (20%)13.4(1.7–25.1)
 usual care controlsPost, 70 (54%)Post, 81 (36%)
66a216216162 (75%)d108 (50%)d25(16.2–33.8)
46cPre, 451Pre, 449Pre, 185 (41%)Pre, 175 (39%)17.0(7.9–26.1)
Post, 445Post, 440Post, 276 (62%)Post, 189 (43%)
54a,e22719456 (24.6%)56 (28.7%)−4.1(−12.6–4.4)
Active control52a26726876 (28.4%)52 (19.4%)9.0(1.8–16.2)
45Pre, 465Pre, 474Pre, 184 (40%)Pre, 174 (39%)11(2.2–20.0)
Post, 475Post, 443Post, 333 (70%)Post, 258 (58%)
SummaryQ = 9.116.1(11.6–20.7)
Community-targeted interventions usual55bNENEPre, 46.2%Pre, 62.5%23.8NE
 care controlsPost, 91.1%Post, 83.6%
56bPre, 437Pre, 401Pre, 133 (30%)Pre, 125 (31%)7.8(−2.1–17.7)
Post, 327Post, 314Post, 175 (54%)Post, 147 (47%)
58bPre, 706Pre, 555Pre, 393 (56%)Pre, 310 (56%)−2.7(−9.7–4.3)
Post, 958Post, 739Post, 687 (72%)Post, 550 (74%)
SummaryQ = 7.71.1(−6.8–9.0)
  • a Random control group.

  • b Nonrandomized concurrent control group.

  • c NE, not evaluable; Pre, preintervention; Post, postintervention.

  • d Performance score.

  • e Excluded from quantitative analysis.