Table 1

Characteristics of intervention studies included in meta-analysis(n = 35)

No.Percentage (%)Reference no.
Type of interventiona
 Targeting providers alone
  Behavioral
   Usual care control918.4 39 , 40 , 63 64 65 66 67 68 , 72
   Active control816.3 10 , 41 , 43 , 44 , 69 70 71
  Cognitive
   Usual care control48.2 64 , 66 , 72 , 74
  Cognitive and behavioral
   Usual care control48.2 64 , 72 , 77 , 78
  Sociological
   Usual care control24.1 49 , 50
   Active control36.1 51 52 53
 Targeting providers and patients
  Cognitive
   Usual care control12.0 66
  Cognitive and behavioral
   Usual care control48.2 45 , 54 , 66 , 74
   Active control24.1 46 , 52
  Behavioral
   Usual care control24.1 40 , 67
   Active control48.2 10 , 16 , 42 , 69
 Targeting communities
  Cognitive
   Usual care36.1 47 , 48 , 75
  Behavioral and cognitive
   Usual care control36.1 55 , 56 , 58
Study designb
 Randomized control trial2365.7 10 , 39 40 41 , 63 64 65 67 , 69 70 71 , 77
16 , 42 , 43 , 47 , 50 , 52 53 54 , 68 , 72
 Concurrently controlled trial1234.3 44 45 46 , 48 , 49 , 51 , 55 , 56 , 58 , 74 , 75 , 78
Outcome measureb,c
 Completed mammogram from radiology reports38.6 40 , 54 , 77
 Chart review/patient record2160.0 10 , 39 , 64 65 66 67 69 , 72
16 , 41 42 43 44 , 51 , 54 , 74
 Patient self-report720.0 45 46 47 48 , 56 , 58 , 75
 Ordered/response to reminder617.1 52 , 55 , 63 , 70 , 71 , 78
Settingb
 University1028.6 40 , 41 , 63 64 65 66 67 , 69 70 71 , 74 , 77 , 78
 Community2571.4 10 , 42 43 44 , 49 , 50 , 52 , 53 , 68 , 72
16 , 45 46 47 48 , 54 55 56 , 58 , 75
Patient age (yrs)b,c
 40–491645.7 10 , 42 , 43 , 48 , 49 , 65 66 67 68 69 70 , 72 , 78
47 , 54 , 56
 50–593188.6 10 , 40 41 42 , 63 , 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 , 77
16 , 43 44 45 46 , 49 , 50 , 53 , 72 , 74 , 75 , 78
47 , 48 , 55 , 56 , 58 , 73
 60+2880.0 10 , 39 , 40 , 42 , 43 , 63 , 65 66 67 68 69 70
16 , 44 45 46 47 48 49 , 51 , 52 , 72 , 74 , 75
55 , 56 , 58
 Not stated12.9 64
Raceb,c
 >30% white1337.1 40 , 45 46 47 48 , 50 , 52 , 67 , 74 , 75 , 78
68
 >30% black1131.4 10 , 41 , 43 , 49 , 51 , 52 , 63 , 67 , 69 , 70 , 74
 >30% Asian411.4 63 , 65 , 66 , 78
 Not stated1234.3 16 , 39 , 42 , 44 , 53 54 55 56 , 58 , 64 , 72 , 77
Proportion with prior mammogramsb,d
 0–24%411.4 42 , 51 , 69 , 75
 25–49%1337.1 10 , 42 , 44 , 46 , 50 , 52 , 54 , 56 , 66 , 68 , 70 , 75
78
 50–74%720 10 , 43 , 45 , 48 , 49 , 58 , 78
 Not stated1542.9 16 , 39 40 41 , 53 , 63 64 65 , 67 , 71 , 72 , 74 , 77
47 , 55
  • a Denominator is the number of interventions.

  • b Denominator is the number of studies.

  • c Categories may total more than 100% because some studies had multiple interventions or populations.

  • d Adherent at baseline or within the past 2 years.