Table 2

Patient-targeted behavioral interventions

Reference no.Study settingSample sizePercentage of women screenedEffect95% CI
InterventionControlInterventionControl
Usual care controls59aCommunity41436 (15%)2 (5%)10(−2.7–22.7)
60aUniversityNEcNEPre, 40.9%Pre, 37.3%7.5NE
Post, 57%Post, 46%
53b, dCommunity444832 (72.7%)17 (35.6%)37.1(18.2–56.0)
53b, dCommunity434831 (72.1%)17 (35.6%)36.5(17.4–55.6)
53b, dCommunity434819 (44.2%)17 (35.6%)8.6(−11.5–28.7)
54b, dCommunity323115 (47%)6 (19%)28(5.9–50.1)
61bCommunity38387 (18%)4 (11%)7(−8.8–22.8)
61bCommunity383811 (29%)4 (11%)18(0.5–35.5)
61bCommunity373816 (43%)4 (11%)32(13.2–50.8)
62bCommunity388381106 (27.4%)97 (25.4%)1.6(−4.6–7.8)
63bCommunity33732288 (26%)28 (8.7%)17.3(11.7–22.9)
SummaryQ = 19.313.2(4.7–21.2)
Active controls, single intervention98bUniversity9813018 (18%)25 (19%)−1(−11.2–9.2)
65b, eCommunity32926656 (21.0%)73 (27.4%)−6(−13.3–0.5)
55a, dCommunity505020 (40%)17 (34%)6(−12.9–24.8)
55aCommunity505027 (54%)17 (34%)20(0.9–39.1)
66bCommunity329329150 (45.6%)154 (46.8%)−1.2(−8.8–6.4)
66bCommunity335329196 (58.5%)154 (46.8%)11.7(4.5–18.9)
67bCommunity381364159 (42%)100 (28%)14(7.9–20.1)
67bCommunity19819828 (14%)23 (12%)2(−6.6–8.6)
68bCommunity384424306 (79.7%)316 (74.5%)5.2(−.5–11.0)
SummaryQ = 14.35.6(0.6–10.6)
Active controls multiple71bCommunity343344250 (73%)186 (54%)19(12.1–26.1)
66bCommunity334329206 (61.7%)154 (46.8%)14.9(7.4–22.4)
54b, dCommunity969131 (32%)33 (36%)−4(−17.6–9.6)
54b, dCommunity929244 (48%)41 (44%)4−10.0–18.4)
69bCommunity11711171310 (26.5%)187 (16.0%)10.5(7.2–13.8)
97bCommunity9512220 (21%)16 (13%)8.0(−2.1–18.1)
SummaryQ = 5.613.0(8.6–17.4)
  • a Concurrent control group.

  • b Random control group.

  • c NE, not evaluable; Pre, preintervention; Post, postintervention.

  • d Intervention was performed in a population of women enrolled at receipt of mammography (intervention to increase repeat screening) and excluded from quantitative analysis.

  • e Excluded from quantitative analysis.