Table 3

Urinary lignan and isoflavonoid excretion (μmol/day) in “high” versus “low” V&F consumers

High V&F groupa (n = 49)Low V&F groupa (n = 49)
Enterolactone2.53 ± 2.84b1.77 ± 1.73
Enterodiol0.56 ± 0.840.36 ± 0.36
Matairesinol0.07 ± 0.140.06 ± 0.05
Lignansc3.69 ± 4.032.42 ± 2.03
Genistein0.24 ± 0.300.21 ± 0.20
Daidzein0.56 ± 0.860.56 ± 0.60
DMA0.15 ± 0.200.11 ± 0.09
Equol0.08 ± 0.090.08 ± 0.08
Isoflavonoidsd1.20 ± 1.611.06 ± 0.97
Phytoestrogense5.95 ± 5.823.85 ± 2.97
  • a High and low V&F intake classification based on initial telephone report.

  • b Back-transformation of mean and SD of log-transformed data.

  • c Sum of lignans = enterolactone + enterodiol + matairesinol; significantly different between high and low intake groups, P = 0.04.

  • d Sum of isoflavonoids = DMA + daidzein + genistein + equol.

  • e Sum of lignans and isoflavonoids; significantly different between high and low intake groups, P = 0.016.