Table 2

Urinary lignan and isoflavonoid levels (μmol/day) for 98 participants

Mean ± SDRangeGeometric mean ± SDa
Enterolactone3.64 ± 4.590.14 –32.752.12 ± 2.25
Enterodiol1.25 ± 3.440.02 –29.310.45 ± 0.58
Matairesinol0.98 ± 0.130.00 –1.190.07 ± 0.06
Lignansb4.96 ± 6.280.23 –36.902.99 ± 2.96
Genistein0.55 ± 1.220.03 –7.180.22 ± 0.25
Daidzein1.68 ± 4.360.04 –29.480.56 ± 0.72
DMA0.57 ± 2.620.03 –19.490.13 ± 0.14
Equol0.25 ± 1.020.00 –9.360.08 ± 0.08
Isoflavonoidsc3.05 ± 8.230.17 –55.061.13 ± 1.29
Phytoestrogensd7.98 ± 13.200.54 –90.424.79 ± 4.32
  • a Back-transformation of mean and SD of log-transformed data.

  • b Sum of lignans = enterolactone + enterodiol + matairesinol.

  • c Sum of isoflavonoids = DMA + daidzein + genistein + equol.

  • d Sum of lignans and isoflavonoids.