Table 1

Factors associated with awareness of colon cancer in the family: bivariate analyses (n = 426)

Not aware (n = 108) n (%)Aware (n = 318) n (%)P
Demographic characteristics
 Relationship to probandnsa
  Sibling75 (27.4)199 (72.6)
  Adult child33 (21.7)119 (78.3)
 Ethnicityns
  Japanese81 (24.1)255 (75.9)
  Hawaiian/Part-Hawaiian17 (34.0)33 (66.0)
  Caucasian10 (25.0)30 (75.0)
 Sex0.08
  Male61 (29.0)149 (71.0)
  Female47 (21.8)169 (78.2)
 Age (mean ± SD)52.6 ± 17.549.2 ± 15.90.06
 Education0.01
  High school graduate or less46 (30.5)105 (69.5)
  Some college43 (29.5)103 (70.5)
  College graduate or more19 (15.1)107 (84.9)
 Religionns
  Protestant18 (17.1)87 (82.9)
  Catholic18 (34.6)34 (65.4)
  Buddhist37 (27.8)96 (72.2)
  Other16 (28.1)41 (71.9)
  None16 (21.9)57 (78.1)
Cancer characteristics of the proband
 Age at diagnosis (mean ± SD)53.5 ± 5.552.7 ± 6.4ns
 Stage at diagnosis0.001
  In situ23 (76.7)7 (23.3)
  Localized43 (30.3)99 (69.7)
  Regional/Distant34 (16.2)176 (83.8)
Knowledge, communication, and CRC concern
 Knowledge (mean ± SD)
  Knowledge score (colon cancer) (0–11)6.38 ± 2.057.09 ± 1.750.00
  Knowledge score (heredity and cancer) (0–10)3.05 ± 2.553.76 ± 2.720.02
 Communication and social support
  Family communication/Social support (talk often)21 (19.4)95 (29.9)0.04
  Family members to talk to (3 or more)70 (64.8)207 (65.1)ns
 Concern about colon cancer (mean ± SD)
  Cancer worry (1 = rarely/never to 4 = almost always)1.33 ± 0.401.47 ± 0.460.01
  Risk perception (1 = much lower to 5 = much higher)2.92 ± 0.883.27 ± 0.910.00
  • a ns, not significant.