Table 2

Serum carotenoid concentrations (μmol/liter) between juice and no juice groups matched on dietary carotenoid consumption: median values and median ranges

CarotenoidVegetable juice (μmol/liter)No juice (raw or cooked vegetables) (μmol/liter)Pa
MedianRangeMedianRange
α-Carotene (n = 9)0.460.10–1.60.150.07 –0.29<0.05
β-Carotene (n = 5)0.680.19–2.90.980.25–5.30.74
Lutein (n = 12)0.440.22–0.920.320.15 –0.540.05
β-Cryptoxanthin (n = 14)0.290.13–0.530.290.09 –0.580.78
Lycopene (n = 18)0.600.36 –1.20.780.25 –1.90.45
  • a Significance of the difference between juice and no juice groups.