Table 1

Characteristics of the study population according to selected nutrients and meat consumptiona

Dietary variableMenWomen
Cases (n = 868)Controls (n = (989)PCases (n = 674)Controls (n = 871)P
Nutrients
 Total energy (kcal)2792 (1186)2646 (1162)0.022051 (869)1972 (832)0.07
 Total fat
  g/day104 (55)98 (55)0.0175 (42)70 (39)0.02
  g/1000 kcal37 (8)36 (8)0.0235 (8)35 (8)0.03
 Total protein
  g/day104 (44)101 (46)0.1379 (33)78 (33)0.34
  g/1000 kcal38 (7)39 (7)0.1639 (7)40 (7)0.06
 Animal protein (g/day)69 (34)66 (35)0.0451 (24)50 (24)0.33
 Calcium (mg/day)1196 (636)1220 (649)0.42962 (539)976 (526)0.59
 Cholesterol (mg/day)360 (230)324 (216)<0.01243 (149)224 (130)<0.01
Foods in servings per week
 Red meat6.4 (5.2)5.9 (5.0)0.024.3 (3.5)4.1 (3.5)0.21
 Poultry1.8 (1.7)1.9 (2.3)0.751.8 (1.5)1.7 (1.5)0.54
 Processed meat2.4 (2.3)2.0 (2.1)<0.011.2 (1.4)1.1 (1.2)0.09
 Fish2.0 (2.6)2.0 (2.4)0.601.5 (1.6)1.5 (1.5)0.98
  • a Values are means (SD).