Table 1.

Age-standardized baseline characteristics according to the ACS guidelines score in men and womena

ACS guidelines score
CharacteristicMenWomen
0–257 and 80–257 and 8
n6,12710,8936,9297,07513,4578,189
Mean age, y62.563.964.460.862.162.3
Mean BMI, kg/m2, in 199229.625.924.130.824.722.8
BMI > 30 kg/m2 in 1992 (%)46.77.30.155.56.90.2
Mean weight change, lbs, 1982 to 19928.72.1−0.513.36.44.1
Mean exercise MET, h/wkb4.014.028.14.111.726.0
Dietary components
 Fruit and vegetable, servings/d2.53.34.02.63.54.1
 Variety of fruits and vegetables8.09.810.78.710.311.0
 Red and processed meat, servings/wk8.95.13.56.03.12.2
 % of total grains as whole grains24.347.959.428.654.763.5
Alcohol intake
 Nondrinker (%)46.931.812.266.847.922.7
 Drinker (%)53.168.287.833.252.177.3
 Amount (g/d) among drinkers32.213.19.917.16.94.1
Smoking history
 Never smoker (%)30.139.642.861.961.756.6
 Former smoker (%)69.960.457.238.138.343.4
 College graduate (%)34.853.266.922.934.642.3
 Race (% white)98.097.797.698.197.697.6
 History of diabetes (%)10.16.74.19.04.12.0
 History of hypertension (%)44.232.727.144.428.020.9
  • aAll variables except age are standardized to the age distribution of the entire cohort. Values are presented as means unless otherwise noted. Distribution of scores in men and women is as follows: Men: score 0–2 (12.1%), 3 (15.5%), 4 (20.6%), 5 (21.5%), 6 (16.6%), and 7, 8 (13.7%). Women: score 0–2 (11.6%), 3 (15.6%), 4 (20.5%), 5 (22.0%), 6 (17.1%), 7, 8 (13.4%).

  • bMETs are defined for each type of exercise-related physical activity as a multiple of MET of sitting quietly for 1 hour.