Table 2.

Covariates contributing to changes from univariate to multivariable adjusted odds ratios, for 3-year Pap testing, for Hispanic and non-Hispanic black women in the BRFSS and NHIS (limited to women age 40–69) a,b

2004 BRFSS2006 BRFSS2008 BRFSS
CovariateOR (95% CI)% ChangeCovariateOR (95% CI)% ChangeCovariateOR (95% CI)% Change
Non-Hispanic black1.03 (0.87–1.21)Non-Hispanic black1.20 (1.04–1.40)Non-Hispanic black1.04 (0.92–1.18)
 Income1.50 (1.26–1.79)45.6 Income1.70 (1.46–1.98)41.7 Income1.42 (1.25–1.62)36.5
 Insurance1.57 (1.30–1.89)4.7 Marital status1.83 (1.58–2.13)7.6 Marital status1.51 (1.32–1.73)6.3
 Marital status1.64 (1.35–1.98)4.5 Insurance1.98 (1.69–2.32)8.2 Education1.59 (1.38–1.82)5.3
 Education1.69 (1.39–2.04)3.0 Education2.11 (1.80–2.48)6.6 Insurance1.65 (1.43–1.90)3.8
 Region1.68 (1.38–2.04)−0.6 Region2.15 (1.82–2.53)1.9 Usual source of care1.63 (1.41–1.89)−1.2
 Usual source of care1.67 (1.36–2.04)−0.6 Usual source of care2.18 (1.84–2.58)1.4 Age1.58 (1.36–1.83)−3.1
 Age1.61 (1.32–1.97)−3.6 Age2.10 (1.77–2.49)−3.7 Region1.52 (1.31–1.77)−3.8
Hispanic0.71 (0.59–0.86)Hispanic0.81 (0.69–0.97)Hispanic0.74 (0.65–0.85)
 Income1.16 (0.95–1.41)63.4 Insurance1.26 (1.04–1.51)55.6 Education1.13 (0.97–1.32)52.7
 Usual source of care1.53 (1.23–1.90)31.9 Education1.66 (1.43–1.94)31.7 Usual source of care1.47 (1.24–1.73)30.1
 Education1.78 (1.41–2.25)16.3 Usual source of care1.97 (1.59–2.42)18.7 Income1.68 (1.41–1.99)14.3
 Insurance1.88 (1.47–2.39)5.6 Income2.14 (1.74–2.64)8.6 Insurance1.80 (1.50–2.15)7.1
 Region1.90 (1.49–2.42)1.1 Marital status2.12 (1.72–2.61)−0.9 Region1.86 (1.55–2.22)3.3
 Marital status1.88 (1.48–2.40)−1.1 Region2.08 (1.69–2.56)−1.9 Marital status1.83 (1.53–2.18)−1.6
 Age1.74 (1.37–2.22)−7.4 Age1.98 (1.61–2.44)−4.8 Age1.72 (1.44–2.06)−6.0
2000 NHIS2005 NHIS2008 NHIS
CovariateOR (95% CI)% ChangeCovariateOR (95% CI)% ChangeCovariateOR (95% CI)% Change
Non-Hispanic black0.83 (0.68–1.02)Non-Hispanic black0.80 (0.64–0.997)Non-Hispanic black1.06 (0.80–1.41)
 Income1.13 (0.90–1.42)36.1 Income1.08 (0.85–1.38)35.0 Income1.47 (1.10–1.97)38.7
 Marital status1.23 (0.98–1.56)8.8 Education1.16 (0.91–1.48)7.4 Insurance1.56 (1.16–2.10)6.1
 Education1.38 (1.08–1.75)12.2 Marital status1.26 (0.98–1.62)8.6 Marital status1.61 (1.18–2.20)3.2
 Insurance1.45 (1.13–1.84)5.1 Region1.34 (1.05–1.72)6.3 Education1.69 (1.22–2.34)5.0
 Region1.50 (1.17–1.93)3.4 Insurance1.38 (1.07–1.78)3.0 Region1.67 (1.21–2.33)−1.2
 Usual source of care1.50 (1.15–1.94)0.0 Usual source of care1.40 (1.08–1.81)1.4 Age1.63 (1.17–2.27)−2.4
 Age1.41 (1.08–1.83)−6.0 Age1.30 (1.00–1.69)−7.1 Usual source of care1.56 (1.12–2.18)−4.3
Hispanic0.58 (0.46–0.73)Hispanic0.65 (0.53–0.81)Hispanic0.67 (0.52–0.87)
 Education0.82 (0.63–1.06)41.4 Education0.93 (0.74–1.17)43.1 Insurance0.94 (0.70–1.25)40.3
 Insurance1.01 (0.77–1.33)23.2 Insurance1.15 (0.90–1.46)23.7 Education1.14 (0.83–1.57)21.3
 Usual source of care1.08 (0.81–1.43)6.9 Marital status1.18 (0.92–1.50)2.6 Income1.20 (0.87–1.65)5.3
 Income1.11 (0.84–1.48)2.8 Usual source of care1.20 (0.93–1.54)1.7 Usual source of care1.23 (0.88–1.72)2.5
 Region1.13 (0.85–1.51)1.8 Income1.21 (0.95–1.54)0.8 Marital status1.23 (0.88–1.72)0.0
 Marital status1.14 (0.85–1.52)0.9 Region1.19 (0.93–1.52)−1.7 Age1.18 (0.84–1.66)−4.1
 Age1.11 (0.83–1.48)−2.6 Age1.12 (0.87–1.45)−5.9 Region1.13 (0.81–1.58)−4.2
  • aThe “OR” columns show the progression of the OR from the prior step, for the specific racial/ethnic group, as the next covariate was added to the model.

  • bThe “% Change” columns show the change to the OR from the prior step of analysis, for the specific racial/ethnic group, as the next covariate was added to the model.