Table 2.

Dietary intake at baseline and end point in the intervention and usual care groups

VariableMean (SD)Group mean difference in Δa (95% CI)Pb
BaselineEnd point
Usual careInterventionUsual careIntervention
Total energy, kcal2,012.4 (622.6)1,957.2 (456.5)1,983.2 (559.9)1,669.4 (350.7)−258.5 (−32.5 to −484.5)0.005
Macronutrients
 Total fat, g77.9 (28.0)75.6 (23.7)82.4 (25.7)60.4 (16.9)−19.8 (−32.3 to −7.3)<0.001
 Saturates, g27.8 (11.2)26.5 (7.5)30.7 (11.5)20.8 (7.3)−8.6 (−13.5 to −3.7)<0.001
 Monounsaturates, g24.4 (11.1)22.5 (7.7)25.7 (7.9)17.2 (6.1)−6.6 (−11.2 to −2.0)<0.001
 Polyunsaturates, g11.3 (4.7)10.3 (4.5)10.4 (3.1)8.8 (4.0)−0.53 (−2.9 to 1.8)0.21
 Cholesterol, mg273.8 (141.9)247.6 (97.7)272.7 (130.5)209.4 (74.5)−37.1 (−115.5 to 41.3)0.064
 Omega 3, mg0.15 (0.19)0.24 (0.40)0.18 (0.35)0.17 (0.23)−0.11 (−0.29 to 0.07)0.48
 Omega 6, mg0.87 (0.92)0.84 (0.80)0.78 (0.95)0.81 (1.10)0.07 (−0.56 to 0.69)0.85
 Carbohydrate, g238.2 (55.7)230.3 (56.4)227.9 (61.3)208.7 (50.9)−11.3 (−39.8 to 17.3)0.28
 Sugars, g106.7 (37.0)100.4 (42.3)98.9 (39.4)93.6 (35.7)1.1 (−18.1 to 20.3)0.87
 Starch, g127.5 (26.9)125.3 (35.0)124.5 (25.7)112.7 (28.9)−9.2 (−28.2 to 8.9)0.14
 Alcohol, g14.5 (23.0)12.6 (12.8)12.5 (21.9)8.0 (11.2)−2.7 (−8.6 to 3.19)0.26
 Fiber, g15.7 (5.5)14.4 (5.7)15.0 (6.9)15.1 (6.0)1.4 (−1.6 to 4.41)0.48
 Protein, g80.0 (29.1)81.8 (18.7)75.3 (16.7)72.5 (15.1)−4.6 (−16.5 to 7.3)0.38
Micronutrients
 Vitamin E, mg7.8 (3.2)7.4 (2.9)7.2 (3.0)6.6 (2.4)−0.26 (−1.6 to 1.1)0.51
 Vitamin C, mg130.5 (81.4)105.4 (99.6)121.7 (94.1)118.6 (93.7)22.0 (−25.0 to 68.9)0.56

aΔ (delta) from baseline in intervention group minus Δ from baseline in usual care group. A negative score indicates a greater decrease in the intervention group, and a positive score a greater increase.

bANCOVA of end point score adjusting for baseline score, effect of group.