Table 1.

Characteristics of female never-smoker NSCLC NH white, Latina, and API patients diagnosed from 1998 to 2003 and 2005 to 2008, by race/ethnicity and immigration status, SFBALCS (N = 462)

CharacteristicsNH white (n = 187)LatinaAPI
U.S.-born (n = 23)Foreign-born (n = 32)U.S.-born (n = 30)Foreign-born (n = 190)
n%n%n%n%n%
Year of diagnosis
 1998–200311963.61043.52681.32376.712666.3
 2005–20086836.41356.5618.8723.36433.7
Age at diagnosis
 Mean (SD)70.2(13.1)65.6(11.7)64.4(14.6)70.0(11.7)66.7(13.6)
 <707841.71252.22062.51240.010756.3
 70+10958.31147.81237.51860.08343.7
Educationa
 ≤High school8445.21356.52374.21242.99954.1
 Some college or more10254.81043.5825.81657.18445.9
 Unknown/[missing (n = 11)]
Neighborhood SESb
 Lower (statewide quintiles 1–4)6735.8939.12578.1930.010454.7
 High (statewide quintile 5)12064.21460.9721.92170.08645.3
Marital statusa
 Never married158.0521.7928.1d1910.0
 Married10053.51043.5928.11860.011158.4
 Sep/div/wid/[unknown (n = 8)]c7238.5834.81443.81033.36031.6
Type of health insurancea
 Public2011.11038.5620.77343.5
 Private9954.71043.51557.71241.47444.0
 Both6234.31043.51137.92112.5
 No insurance/unknown/[missing (n = 35)]
First-degreee relative with cancera
 None7038.01043.52273.31242.910658.2
 Any11462.01356.5826.71657.17641.8
 Unknown/[missing (n = 15)]
Smoke exposure at home (years with another smoker)f
 None4524.95722.71137.9829.66839.1
 1—206737.01045.41034.41244.47140.8
 21+6938.1731.8827.6725.93520.1
 Unknown/[missing (n = 29)]
Smoke exposure at workg
 None9661.9950.02177.8733.39864.1
 Any5938.1950.0622.21466.75536.0
 Unknown/[missing (n = 88)]
AJCC stage at diagnosis
 I/II6735.8626.1618.81343.34724.7
 III4323.01340.6516.74121.6
 IV/[unstaged (n = 19)]7741.21356.51340.61240.010253.7
Histologic subtype
 Large cell/non-BAC adenocarcinoma/undiff14175.42191.32681.32480.016687.4
 Squamous cell137.063.2
 BAC3317.7189.5
Chemotherapy
 None/[unknown (n = 12)]11561.51147.82062.52066.79751.1
 Given7228.51252.21237.51033.39349.0
Radiation
 None/[unknown (n = 1)]12265.21773.91959.41963.311761.6
 Given6534.8626.11340.61136.77338.4
Surgery to primary site
 None/[unknown (n = 1)]10857.81773.92578.11550.013370.0
 Done7942.3626.1721.91550.05730.0
Hospital ownershipa
 Public7541.41043.51753.11550.011361.1
 Private10658.61356.51546.91550.07239.0
 Missing (n = 11)
Hospital teaching statusa
 Nonteaching16487.724680.013169.0
 Teaching2312.3620.05931.1
Hospital total beds
 0–29910859.71460.92062.512.40.07238.9
 300+7340.3939.11237.51860.011361.1
 Missing (n = 11)
≥10% cancer patients seen at hospital are Latinoa
 Yes6333.71356.52268.81343.310052.6
 No12466.31043.51031.31756.79047.4
≥10% cancer patients seen at hospital are APIa
 Yes11259.92681.32273.316687.4
 No7540.1618.8826.72412.6
Proxy interview
 No14376.51982.61650.01963.39047.4
 Yes4423.51650.01136.710052.6
Mortality
 Deceased11159.41669.62062.52066.712063.2
 Lung cancer death7640.61147.81753.11756.78853.7
Cause of death (% of deaths)
 Lung cancer7667.31168.81785.01785.08873.0
 Other cancers1815.931.215.015.0119.1
 Other causeh565.4
 Not coded1412.41512.5
2-y survival rates56.637.738.639.847.4
Median follow-up time, mo18.313.510.816.915.6
  • aP < 0.01.

  • bNeighborhood SES derived from census block group residence at diagnosis.

  • cSeparated, divorced, widowed, or unknown status at time of interview.

  • dCells with fewer than 5 cases are not shown.

  • eFirst-degree includes parents, brothers, sisters, and children related by blood.

  • fSubject was asked “In your lifetime, how many years in total was there at least one smoker [If smoker: other than yourself] living in your household?”

  • gSubject was asked “How many years in total were you exposed to the tobacco smoke of others in your indoor workplace?”

  • hOther causes include myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, other lung disorders, pregnancy complications, dementia, pneumonia, pleural effusion, heart disease, and fall.