Table 2.

The geometric means (95% confidence limits) of FB1 levels in porridge and urine, as well as PDI in Centane, a rural area from the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa.

FB1 porridge, mg/kgFB1 PDIa, μg/kg b.w./dayUFB1, pg/mLUFB1Cb, pg/mg creatinine
Baseline0.89a4.84a225a470a
(0.55–1.44)(2.87–8.14)(144–350)(295–750)
Intervention0.32b1.87b109b279a
(0.27–0.37)(1.40–2.51)(85–138)(202–386)
Reduction64%62%52%41%

Means are significantly (P < 0.05) different within columns when followed by different letters

  • aPDI based on FB1 levels in porridge (dry weight) consumed as assessed with 24-hour dietary recall questionnaires

  • bUFB1 was normalized with urinary creatinine