Table 1.

Characteristics of cases and controls

Cases (n = 739)Controls (n = 7,359)
Age at index date, mean (SD)a74.1 (8.1)74.1 (8.0)
Follow-up time,a mean (SD), y4.7 (3.0)4.7 (3.0)
HbA1c, median, %7.07.1
Excessive alcohol use, n (%)10 (1.4)145 (2.0)
BMI
 <30, n (%)501 (67.8)4,562 (62.0)
 ≥30, n (%)206 (27.9)2,426 (33.0)
 Unknown, n (%)32 (4.3)371 (5.0)
Smoking status
 Ever, n (%)469 (63.5)4,717 (64.1)
 Never, n (%)211 (28.6)1,988 (27.0)
 Unknown, n (%)59 (8.0)654 (8.9)
Lower urinary tract symptoms, n (%)91 (12.3)483 (6.6)
Previous cancer (other than prostate cancer), n (%)85 (11.5)494 (6.7)
NSAIDs, n (%)473 (64.0)4,471 (60.8)
Antihypertensive drugs, n (%)561 (75.9)5,508 (74.8)
Statins, n (%)422 (57.1)4,252 (57.8)
  • aControls matched to cases on these variables.