Table 3.

Relationship between age, gender, and objective melanoma risk factors, sun protective behavior, and motivational/attitudinal factors (all scales range from 0-4)

Total use of recommended sun protectionPerceived vulnerabilityPerceived severityWorry about developing a melanomaBenefits of protection behaviorSelf-efficacy to protectAttitude toward suntansBarriers to sun protection
GenderP < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001N.s.N.s.
    Men1.38 (0.76)2.03 (0.85)3.12 (0.62)2.69 (0.77)2.86 (0.61)2.43 (1.10)2.72 (0.76)1.79 (0.54)
    Women1.51 (0.80)2.12 (0.83)3.25 (0.60)2.91 (0.69)2.99 (0.58)2.31 (1.10)2.78 (0.77)1.80 (0.56)
AgeP < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001N.s.P < 0.001P < 0.001
    <251.28 (0.74)2.00 (0.81)3.14 (0.61)2.85 (0.74)2.88 (0.62)2.30 (1.13)2.85 (0.77)2.02 (0.53)
    25-301.46 (0.78)2.05 (0.79)3.22 (0.58)2.88 (0.68)2.98 (0.57)2.37 (1.06)2.78 (0.74)1.82 (0.55)
    31-401.52 (0.78)2.14 (0.83)3.22 (0.60)2.90 (0.70)2.99 (0.57)2.36 (1.09)2.78 (0.73)1.77 (0.55)
    41-501.59 (0.82)2.18 (0.88)3.27 (0.61)2.85 (0.75)2.99 (0.59)2.40 (1.12)2.73 (0.81)1.69 (0.53)
    >501.57 (0.83)2.13 (0.86)3.24 (0.62)2.77 (0.74)2.93 (0.58)2.13 (1.11)2.63 (0.78)1.65 (0.53)
Hair colorP < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001N.s.N.s.N.s.P < 0.001N.s.
    Black/brown1.45 (0.79)2.04 (0.82)3.20 (0.61)2.84 (0.72)2.95 (0.59)2.34 (1.11)2.51 (0.66)1.80 (0.55)
    Blond/red1.57 (0.80)2.27 (0.86)3.26 (0.61)2.89 (0.74)2.98 (0.59)2.35 (1.08)2.44 (0.68)1.79 (0.56)
Fitzpatrick skin typeP < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001N.s.P < 0.001P < 0.001
    III/IV1.32 (0.74)1.95 (0.78)3.18 (0.61)2.79 (0.72)2.91 (0.60)2.34 (1.10)2.59 (0.62)1.85 (0.54)
    I/II1.80 (0.81)2.39 (0.87)3.28 (0.59)2.98 (0.71)3.05 (0.55)2.35 (1.10)2.28 (0.71)1.70 (0.57)
Presence of frecklesP < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001N.s.P < 0.001P < 0.001
    None1.32 (0.76)1.91 (0.79)3.17 (0.61)2.73 (0.74)2.88 (0.61)2.37 (1.11)2.56 (0.64)1.83 (0.55)
    A few/many1.60 (0.79)2.25 (0.84)3.25 (0.60)2.95 (0.69)3.01 (0.56)2.33 (1.09)2.43 (0.68)1.77 (0.55)
Sunburn before age 16 yP < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001N.s.
    Never1.32 (0.77)1.78 (0.79)3.13 (0.62)2.68 (0.74)2.85 (0.61)2.24 (1.14)2.57 (0.63)1.81 (0.55)
    1-3 times1.51 (0.78)2.08 (0.80)3.22 (0.60)2.87 (0.70)2.97 (0.57)2.42 (1.07)2.46 (0.65)1.78 (0.56)
    Almost every summer1.62 (0.83)2.49 (0.83)3.31 (0.59)3.01 (0.73)3.04 (0.59)2.31 (1.12)2.44 (0.73)1.80 (0.58)
No. of large mole (>6 mm)P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001N.s.
    None1.32 (0.77)1.78 (0.79)3.13 (0.62)2.68 (0.74)2.85 (0.61)2.24 (1.14)2.57 (0.63)1.81 (0.55)
    1-21.44 (0.77)1.93 (0.75)3.17 (0.61)2.81 (0.68)2.90 (0.57)2.37 (1.10)2.48 (0.64)1.78 (0.56)
    ≥31.57 (0.80)2.27 (0.83)3.27 (0.60)2.94 (0.72)3.20 (0.58)2.39 (1.09)2.45 (0.69)1.79 (0.56)
Family history of melanomaP < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001N.s.P < 0.001P < 0.001
    No1.45 (0.78)2.04 (0.81)3.20 (0.61)2.82 (0.72)2.94 (0.59)2.35 (1.10)2.50 (0.66)1.81 (0.55)
    Yes1.80 (0.82)2.82 (0.78)3.44 (0.57)3.21 (0.69)3.10 (0.55)2.25 (1.07)2.33 (0.69)1.68 (0.58)
Previous melanomaP < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001
    No1.43 (0.77)2.00 (0.77)3.20 (0.61)2.81 (0.71)2.95 (0.59)2.36 (1.09)2.51 (0.65)1.81 (0.55)
    Yes2.09 (0.84)3.41 (0.57)3.49 (0.56)3.48 (0.65)3.06 (0.57)2.14 (1.27)2.28 (0.78)1.56 (0.55)
Total number of risk factorsP < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001P < 0.001N.s.P < 0.001P < 0.001
    0-31.27 (0.74)1.76 (0.73)3.14 (0.62)2.71 (0.74)2.86 (0.62)2.32 (1.12)2.62 (0.62)1.85 (0.55)
    4-51.48 (0.77)2.08 (0.77)3.22 (0.60)2.85 (0.69)2.98 (0.57)2.39 (1.09)2.47 (0.66)1.81 (0.54)
    >51.84 (0.81)2.64 (0.83)3.33 (0.58)3.09 (0.70)3.06 (0.55)2.33 (1.10)2.30 (0.71)1.70 (0.58)

Abbreviation: N.s., not significant.