Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of study participants by quintile of processed meat intake and fruit and vegetable intake per 1,000 kcal

Quintile 1Quintile 2Quintile 3Quintile 4Quintile 5
No. of participants109,154109,154109,154109,154109,154
Processed meat intake
    Median processed meat intake*0.080.170.280.430.78
Men
    No. of men45,65256,64265,94273,82180,290
    Age (y)62.862.462.262.262.3
    Non-Hispanic white (%)88.892.293.193.793.7
    College graduate/postgraduate (%)51.647.745.642.939.2
    Height (m)1.781.781.781.791.78
    Previous cancer diagnosis (%)8.48.48.68.38.3
    Energy intake (kcal/d)1,9451,9621,9972,0712,049
    Nitrite intake§0.670.610.610.640.74
    Nitrate intake§55.546.343.341.240.3
    Red meat intake*0.540.901.131.341.65
    Fruit and vegetable intake2.72.32.12.01.9
Women
    No. of women63,50252,51243,21235,33328,864
    Age (y)62.161.861.861.962.2
    Non-Hispanic white (%)88.090.790.590.089.6
    College graduate/postgraduate (%)35.730.827.625.923.8
    Height (m)1.631.631.631.631.63
    Previous cancer diagnosis (%)10.610.610.410.811.0
    Energy intake (kcal/d)1,5391,5361,5741,6331,623
    Nitrite intake§0.710.650.650.670.76
    Nitrate intake§72.060.155.754.253.2
    Red meat intake*0.510.841.041.191.42
    Fruit and vegetable intake3.12.62.52.42.3
Fruit and vegetable intake
    Median fruit and vegetable intake1.11.72.22.83.8
Men
    No. of men78,92972,61265,49857,68347,625
    Age (y)61.762.262.562.762.9
    Non-Hispanic white (%)93.493.993.392.289.0
    College graduate/postgraduate (%)35.844.948.048.948.9
    Height (m)1.781.791.781.781.78
    Previous cancer diagnosis (%)8.28.48.68.68.1
    Energy intake (kcal/d)2,2782,0631,9541,8561,769
    Nitrite intake§0.580.630.670.700.76
    Nitrate intake§24.035.944.855.177.1
    Processed meat intake*0.480.460.430.390.30
    Red meat intake*1.381.331.201.030.77
Women
    No. of women30,22536,54243,65651,47161,529
    Age (y)61.261.762.062.262.3
    Non-Hispanic white (%)90.891.791.490.086.4
    College graduate/postgraduate (%)21.326.830.532.433.5
    Height (m)1.631.631.631.631.63
    Previous cancer diagnosis (%)10.410.810.411.110.5
    Energy intake (kcal/d)1,7121,6511,5991,5371,462
    Nitrite intake§0.580.630.660.700.78
    Nitrate intake§26.639.850.263.495.4
    Processed meat intake*0.370.350.320.290.22
    Red meat intake*1.131.101.010.880.66
  • *MPED ounce equivalents/1,000 kcal/d.

  • Mean values.

  • Other than nonmelanoma skin cancer per cancer registry diagnosis or other than basal cell carcinoma per participant self-report.

  • §mg/1,000 kcal/d.

  • MPED cup equivalents/1,000 kcal/d.