Table 4.

Multivariate association of risk factors for VIA positivity (n = 2,288)

VariableOR (95% CI)Adj. OR (95% CI)
Age (y)
    25-2911
    30-591.33 (0.99-1.79)1.13 (0.83-1.55)
    60+2.92 (1.83-4.65)2.08 (1.25-3.47)
Pap outcome*
    Negative11
    Positive1.32 (1.04-1.70)1.41 (1.00-1.98)
Cervical inflammation
    Absent11
    Present2.86 (2.21-3.70)4.3 (3.16-5.86)
Gynecologist
    111
    43.85 (2.43-6.10)2.59 (1.61-4.16)
    511.23 (6.99-18.02)13.79 (8.43-22.57)
    65.37 (3.22-8.96)6.13 (3.62-10.38)
    72.62 (1.46-4.71)2.13 (1.17-3.89)
    81.06 (0.40-2.83)1.04 (0.39-2.83)

NOTE: Data were mutually adjusted for all the variables in the model; 43 dropped due to missing data.

Abbreviations: OR, odds ratio; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval.

  • *Pap smear negative, normal/reactive atypia; positive, ASC-US or more severe diagnosis.

  • Cervical inflammation indicates erythema, edema, or bleeds on contact.

  • Gynecologist no. 3 saw <10 patients, none of whom were VIA positive, and was therefore excluded from this analysis.