Table 1.

Distribution of patient characteristics and crude associations with delayed medical presentation (>90 days) among women with symptomatic breast cancer

n (%)% Delayed*P
Demographics
    Age (y)
        <50180 (41)13
        50-59144 (33)18
        ≥60112 (26)18
    Race/ethnicity
        Non-Hispanic white145 (33)15
        Non-Hispanic black197 (45)16
        Hispanic94 (22)18
    Education
        <High school80 (18)210.08
        High school105 (24)19
        >High school251 (58)14
    Annual household income
        ≤30,000175 (41)190.14
        30,001-75,000155 (36)14
        >75,000100 (23)13
    Married/living as married
        No178 (41)190.11
        Yes258 (59)14
Interpretation of symptoms
    Family history of breast cancer
        None344 (80)15
        Moderate63 (14)22
        Strong25 (6)17
    History of benign breast problems
        No246 (56)14
        Yes190 (44)18
    Misconceptions about breast lumps
        Only need to get lump checked if painful
            False404 (92)140.0002
            True34 (8)38
        Only need to get lump checked if growing
            False388 (88)140.01
            True50 (12)28
        Pressing will cause it to be breast cancer
            False393 (90)140.009
            True44 (10)30
    Number of misconceptions (0-3)
        0357 (82)140.0008
        147 (11)23
        2+32 (7)36
Health care access and utilization
    Health insurance
        None82 (19)240.03
        Public, no private73 (17)21
        Private281 (64)13
    Regular provider
        No92 (21)37<0.0001
        Yes344 (79)11
    Trust in routine care place
        Sometimes, rarely, or never51 (13)200.02
        Always or mostly342 (87)12
    Routine physical within 2 y
        No133 (30)30<0.0001
        Yes303 (70)10
    Breast exam within 2 y
        No150 (35)32<0.0001
        Yes284 (65)8
    Mammogram within 2 y
        No215 (49)25<0.0001
        Yes220 (51)8
    Recency of care score
        082 (19)34<0.0001
        170 (16)26
        2112 (26)13
        3174 (40)5
  • *Weighted to account for differential sampling and participation by facility and race/ethnicity.

  • Forty-three patients without a regular source of care are coded as missing on this variable. P > 0.20 are not shown.