Table 6.

Age-adjusted incidence rates (per 100,000 person-years) of liver cancer and incidence rate ratios (IRRs) by neighborhood immigrant enclave status and socioeconomic status (SES)a among Hispanic and Asian females in California, 1998—2002

Racial/ethnic groupNeighborhood characteristicCases (N)PopulationIncidence rateb95% CIIRR95% CI
Hispanics
Low enclave status1867,450,5454.9(4.2–5.6)1.00reference
High enclave status49419,303,6705.9(5.4–6.5)1.21(1.02–1.45)
High SES1134,234,7104.7(3.8–5.6)1.00reference
Low SES56722,520,6455.8(5.3–6.3)1.24(1.01–1.54)
Low enclave status/high SES913,591,8804.4(3.5–5.4)1.00reference
High enclave status/high SES22642,3206.2(3.9–9.4)1.42(0.84–2.27)
Low enclave status/low SES953,858,6655.4(4.3–6.7)1.23(0.91–1.67)
High enclave status/low SES47218,661,3505.9(5.3–6.5)1.34(1.06–1.71)
Asians
Low enclave status1542,174,1958.1(6.9–9.6)1.00reference
High enclave status5747,555,7608.7(8.0–9.5)1.07(0.89–1.29)
High SES3435,028,0758.5(7.6–9.5)1.00reference
Low SES3864,702,3908.7(7.9–9.7)1.03(0.88–1.19)
Low enclave status/high SES651,038,5207.8(5.9–10.0)1.00reference
High enclave status/high SES2773,989,4058.7(7.7–9.8)1.11(0.84–1.50)
Low enclave status/low SES891,135,6758.5(6.8–10.5)1.09(0.77–1.54)
High enclave status/low SES2973,566,3558.8(7.8–9.9)1.13(0.86–1.52)
  • aLow, quintiles 1–3 of the statewide distribution; high, quintiles 4–5 of the statewide distribution.

  • bStandardized to the 2000 U.S. population age standard.