Table 5.

Age-adjusted incidence rates (per 100,000 person-years) of liver cancer and incidence rate ratios (IRRs) by neighborhood immigrant enclave status and socioeconomic status (SES)a among Hispanic and Asian males in California, 1998–2002

Racial/ethnic groupNeighborhood characteristicCases (N)PopulationIncidence rateb95% CIIRR95% CI
Hispanics
Low enclave status4867,603,62513.7(12.4–15.1)1.00reference
High enclave status1,06820,409,60514.5(13.6–15.5)1.06(0.94–1.19)
High SES2784,243,85013.0(11.4–14.8)1.00reference
Low SES1,27623,774,86514.5(13.7–15.4)1.12(0.97–1.29)
Low enclave status/high SES2263,552,40012.3(10.6–14.1)1.00reference
High enclave status/high SES52688,84517.3(12.3–23.4)1.41(0.97–1.98)
Low enclave status/low SES2604,051,22515.3(13.4–17.4) 1.25 (1.03–1.52)
High enclave status/low SES1,01619,720,76014.4(13.4–15.4) 1.17 (1.00–1.38)
Asians
Low enclave status3201,924,88521.0(18.6–23.5)1.00reference
High enclave status1,4517,099,46525.7(24.3–27.1) 1.23 (1.08–1.39)
High SES7904,620,54022.5(20.8–24.2)1.00reference
Low SES9814,404,81027.2(25.5–29.0) 1.21 (1.10–1.34)
Low enclave status/high SES139890,15020.4(16.9–24.3)1.00reference
High enclave status/high SES6513,730,10023.0(21.2–24.9)1.13(0.93–1.39)
Low enclave status/low SES1811,034,73522.0(18.8–25.5)1.08(0.85–1.37)
High enclave status/low SES8003,369,36528.7(26.7–30.8) 1.41 (1.16–1.72)
  • aLow, quintiles 1–3 of the statewide distribution; high, quintiles 4–5 of the statewide distribution.

  • bStandardized to the 2000 U.S. population age standard. CI: Confidence interval.