Table 3.

Age-adjusted incidence rates (per 100,000 person-years) of liver cancer and incidence rate ratios (IRRs) by nativity among Hispanic and Asian females in California, 1988–2004

Ethnic groupYears of diagnosisNativityCases (N)PopulationIncidence ratea95% CIIRR95% CI
HispanicsU.S.-born24120,639,6002.9(2.5–3.3)1.00reference
1988–1996Foreign-born33115,721,1074.1(3.6–4.5) 1.42 (1.18–1.71)
U.S.-born48925,116,3835.3(4.8–5.8)1.00reference
1997–2004Foreign-born60218,538,7625.3(4.9–5.8)1.00(0.88–1.13)
ChineseU.S.-born121,045,3161.00reference
1988–1996Foreign-born1922,533,9537.6(6.6–8.9) 2.18 (1.20–4.64)
U.S.-born341,314,2875.5(3.7–7.7)1.00reference
1997–2004Foreign-born2883,092,3067.9(6.9–8.9)1.44(0.99–2.19)
JapaneseU.S.-born24958,1602.2(1.4–3.5)1.00reference
1988–1996Foreign-born105596,18411.1(8.7–14.3) 5.02 (2.99–8.81)
U.S.-born38871,2072.7(1.9–3.8)1.00reference
1997–2004Foreign-born155640,55814.7(12.3–17.7) 5.43 (3.67–8.17)
Filipinos, Koreans,U.S.-born61,525,8761.00reference
and Vietnamese1988–1996Foreign-born3034,762,1587.8(6.9–8.9) 3.67 (1.31–12.31)
U.S.-born212,053,2695.4(3.0–8.8)1.00reference
1997–2004Foreign-born5165,646,9618.5(7.8–9.4)1.57(0.96–2.84)
  • aStandardized to the 2000 U.S. population age standard. Incidence rates with numerator <15 are not computed.

  • CI: Confidence interval.