Table 2.

Age-adjusted incidence rates (per 100,000 person-years) of liver cancer and incidence rate ratios (IRRs) by nativity among Hispanic and Asian males in California, 1988–2004

Ethnic groupYears of diagnosisNativityCases (N)PopulationIncidence ratea95% CIIRR95% CI
HispanicsU.S.-born69121,071,8759.9(9.0–10.8)1.00reference
1988–1996Foreign-born51018,095,8867.7(7.0–8.4)0.78(0.68–0.88)
U.S.-born1,50625,534,57518.5(17.6–19.5)1.00reference
1997–2004Foreign-born1,03020,466,82510.1(9.4–10.8) 0.54 (0.50–0.59)
ChineseU.S.-born561,109,82415.4(11.0–20.8)1.00reference
1988–1996Foreign-born6282,315,16927.3(25.1–29.7) 1.77 (1.30–2.50)
U.S.-born791,380,59316.2(12.6–20.4)1.00reference
1997–2004Foreign-born8162,697,45725.0(23.3–27.0) 1.55 (1.22–2.02)
JapaneseU.S.-born61951,2745.6(4.1–7.5)1.00reference
1988–1996Foreign-born38372,96021.6(14.5–30.5) 3.85 (2.33–6.21)
U.S.-born72872,6476.8(5.3–8.6)1.00reference
1997–2004Foreign-born59391,68423.8(17.2–32.0) 3.51 (2.33–5.21)
Filipinos, Koreans, and VietnameseU.S.-born281,611,34816.4(8.5–27.7)1.00reference
1988–1996Foreign-born8204,220,10423.9(22.2–25.7)1.46(0.86–2.83)
U.S.-born402,170,38312.7(8.6–18.0)1.00reference
1997–2004Foreign-born1,4184,802,92228.5(26.9–30.2) 2.23 (1.57–3.32)
  • aStandardized to the 2000 U.S. population age standard. Incidence rates with numerator <15 are not computed. CI: Confidence interval.