Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of controls and exercisers

Controls (n = 151)Exercisers (n = 165)P
Age (y)25.3 ± 3.525.4 ± 3.40.8
Body fat (%)36.2 ± 8.336.3 ± 8.70.86
Weight (kg)67.7 ± 14.767.4 ± 14.60.86
Fitness (METS)7.0 ± 1.56.9 ± 1.50.59
Ethnicity
    Hispanic6 (4.0)8 (4.8)0.7
    Non-Hispanic145 (96.0)157 (95.2)
Race
    American Indian01 (0.6)0.59
    Asian/Pacific Islander26 (17.2)20 (12.1)
    Black11 (7.3)13 (7.9)
    White106 (70.2)124 (75.1)
    Other/multirace8 (5.3)7 (4.2)
Education
    Less than college49 (32.5)53 (32.0)0.27
    College degree63 (41.7)56 (34.0)
    Graduate/professional degree39 (25.8)56 (34.0)
Marital status
    Never married122 (80.8)137 (83.0)0.62
    Married/partnered26 (17.2)25 (15.2)
    Divorced/separated3 (2.0)3 (1.8)
BMI (kg/m2)
    ≤2599 (65.5)101 (61.2)0.2
    25-3030 (19.9)46 (27.9)
    ≥3022 (14.6)18 (10.9)

NOTE: Values are presented as mean ± SD for continuous variables or n (%) for categorical variables.

Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; METS, metabolic equivalents of task.