Table 3.

Cox proportional hazards model for the hepatocellular carcinoma in a community cohort, stratified by viral hepatitis status, in A-Lein, Taiwan, from 1997-2004

Seronegative (n = 4,117)Anti-HCV(+) (n = 982)HBsAg(+) (n = 696)Coinfection (n = 134)
Number of participants (N = 5,929)
Risk factorsHR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
Gender (male vs. female)22.9 (2.8-183.8)*2.3 (1.3-4.1)*3.8 (1.1-12.8)*3.1 (0.8-13.0)
Age (≥65 vs. <65 y)10.4 (2.8-38.9)*3.0 (1.8-5.0)*3.8 (1.5-9.1)*5.3 (1.6-17.0)*
Smoking habit0.3 (0.1-1.4)1.1 (0.6-2.0)1.9 (0.8-4.8)1.1 (0.3-4.4)
Alcohol consumption3.9 (1.01-14.8)1.1 (0.4-2.7)1.1 (0.3-3.9)-
BMI (≥30 vs. <30)2.1 (0.4-9.5)1.0 (0.5-2.2)3.3 (1.3-8.1)1.2 (0.3-6.2)
Diabetes before study5.4 (1.7-17.1)*3.1 (1.7-5.4)*1.3 (0.3-5.6)0.6 (0.1-4.9)
  • NOTE: After adjusting for gender (male vs. female), age (≥65 vs. <65 y), smoking habit (yes vs. never or quit in the 6 mo), alcohol consumption (frequent vs. occasional or rare), BMI (≥30 vs. <30), and diabetes status before the study (yes vs. no).

  • * P < 0.01.

  • P < 0.05.