Table 2.

Dairy intakes preceding 1-y height growth in premenarchal girls

Height growth difference (in.) over 1-y
Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4Model 5Model 6
MilkMilkMilkMilkPer 10 g:Per 10 g:
>3 vs <1>3 vs <1>3 vs <1(White + chocolate)Dairy fatDairy protein
β+0.120+0.112+0.108+0.024+0.033+0.034
(P)(0.003)(0.007)(0.017)(0.019)(0.016)(0.001)
2-3 vs <1CheeseCheeseCheeseAnimal* fatAnimal* protein
β+0.029+0.014+0.004+0.004−0.015−0.010
(P)(0.296)(0.502)(0.866)(0.855)(0.395)(0.280)
1 vs <1YogurtYogurtYogurtVegetable fatVegetable protein
β+0.004+0.094+0.133+0.126+0.011+0.015
(P)(0.895)(0.061)(0.019)(0.027)(0.337)(0.353)
Calories/100 kcalCalories/100 kcal
β+0.002+0.002
(P)(0.293)(0.284)
  • NOTE: All linear mixed regression models are adjusted for race, age, age2, age3, prior height, and prior relative BMI. Estimated β values are per daily serving or other shown daily quantity. Models 1 to 3 compare servings per day of milk to lowest intake (<1 serving per day) group. Sample sizes range from 5,070 girls (model 1) to 5,024 girls (model 4). Models 1 to 3 include categorical white milk (results shown for >3 versus <1 glasses per day) and categorical chocolate milk (not shown). Model 4 includes white + chocolate milk (glasses per day, continuous). Cheese serving is 1 slice; yogurt is 1 cup.

  • * Dairy intakes are excluded from animal fat and animal protein grams.