Table 1.

Characteristics of study participants in a case-control study of pituitary tumors, United Kingdom, 2001 to 2005

CharacteristicCases (n = 299)
Controls (n = 630)
Age at reference date (y)
Townsend deprivation score*
    1 (most affluent)6822.719030.2
    5 (least affluent)5719.1518.1
Marital status
    Not known10.2
Type of tumor
    Hormone secreting16856.2
    Not known6521.7
Hormone secreted (if hormone secreting)
    Growth hormone5919.7
    Adreno-corticotropic hormone4214.0
    Follicle-stimulating hormone and/or luteinizing hormone196.4
    Thyroid-stimulating hormone10.3
    Growth hormone and prolactin93.0
    Other multihormonal144.7
    Type unknown31.0
  • Abbreviation: PRL, prolactin; GH, growth hormone.

  • * Townsend score (Townsend, et al. 2008; ref. 24), a postcode-based measure of deprivation, categorized into quintiles based on 2001 census data (ref. 34).