Table 3.

Risk of cancer mortality according to clinical cut points of adiposity measures, Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study, 1980-2003

DeathsRate*HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)§
BMI (kg/m2)
    18.5-24.98310.91.001.001.00
    25.0-29.910013.41.17 (0.87-1.57)1.12 (0.83-1.51)1.05 (0.77-1.43)
    ≥30.02820.11.71 (1.10-2.66)1.51 (0.96-2.37)1.34 (0.82-2.20)
        P for linear trend0.0080.030.100.33
Percent body fat (%)
    <25.013911.61.001.001.00
    ≥25.07017.51.45 (1.08-1.95)1.27 (0.93-1.74)1.25 (0.90-1.75)
        P for difference0.0060.010.130.19
Waist circumference (cm)
    ≤102.016712.21.001.001.00
    >102.04416.71.30 (0.93-1.82)1.13 (0.80-1.61)1.07 (0.74-1.55)
        P for difference0.060.130.500.70
  • * Age and examination year adjusted death rate per 10,000 person-years.

  • Adjusted for covariates: age, examination year, smoking status, alcohol intake, and medical conditions (presence or absence of hypertension, diabetes, or hypercholesterolemia).

  • Adjusted for covariates plus muscular strength.

  • § Adjusted for covariates plus cardiorespiratory fitness.