Table 2.

Risk of cancer mortality according to thirds of muscular strength, Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study, 1980 to 2003

DeathsRate*HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)§HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
Strength thirds
    Lowest9517.51.001.001.001.001.00
    Middle6011.00.65 (0.47-0.90)0.67 (0.49-0.93)0.67 (0.48-0.94)0.69 (0.49-0.96)0.69 (0.49-0.95)
    Upper5610.30.61 (0.44-0.85)0.64 (0.46-0.90)0.64 (0.44-0.92)0.68 (0.48-0.97)0.70 (0.49-0.98)
P for linear trend0.0010.0030.0080.010.030.03
  • * Age and examination year adjusted death rate per 10,000 person-years.

  • Adjusted for covariates: age, examination year, smoking status, alcohol intake, and medical conditions (presence or absence of hypertension, diabetes, or hypercholesterolemia).

  • Adjusted for covariates plus BMI.

  • § Adjusted for covariates plus percent body fat.

  • Adjusted for covariates plus waist circumference.

  • Adjusted for covariates plus cardiorespiratory fitness.