Table 3.

Adjusted marginal means of estrogen receptor α methylation index (%) in leukocytes by smoking status

Smoking status*Value
Nonsmoker4.498 ± 0.195 (4.11, 4.88)
Smoker4.625 ± 0.245 (4.14, 5.11)
  • * All values are mean ± SEM (confidence interval). Covariates appearing in the model are evaluated at the following values: average estrogen receptor α methylation in normal colonic tissue = 12.11.