Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of the sample by treatment group

CharacteristicIntervention (n = 147)Control (n = 155)P
Demographics
    Age (%)0.34
    18-3044.236.8
    31-5042.945.8
    ≥5112.917.4
    Education (%)0.55
    Lower than HS16.320.7
    HS diploma or GED32.733.5
    Higher than HS diploma51.045.8
    Race (%)0.44
    White91.293.6
    Other8.86.4
    Marital status (%)0.57
    Never married25.827.1
    Married/member of couple49.043.2
    Divorced/widowed/separated25.229.7
    Employment (%)0.18
    Works full time or part time55.148.4
    Unemployed/disabled20.429.7
    Other24.521.9
    Occupation (%)0.77
    Professional (needs a degree)10.210.3
    Skilled labor23.118.7
    Unskilled labor51.052.3
    Other15.718.7
    Percent of lifetime in county (n = 301; %)0.30
    0 to ≤2513.017.4
    >25 to ≤5013.016.1
    >50 to ≤7515.19.0
    >7558.957.4
Income, historical and current
    Parents owned home at age 14 (%)66.765.20.78
    No adult man in home at age 14 (n = 301; %)18.512.90.18
    Poverty-income ratio (n = 276; %)0.47
    <140.651.7
    1-1.9927.125.9
    2-2.9913.58.4
    3-3.9912.89.8
    4-4.994.52.8
    ≥51.51.4
    Annual household income (n = 276; %)0.08
    <20,00045.158.7
    20-50,00040.629.4
    >50,00014.311.9
    Life-course SEP (n = 274; %)0.56
    Low child, low adult SEP61.162.9
    Low child, high adult SEP12.27.7
    High child, low adult SEP17.519.6
    High child, high adult SEP9.29.8
    Cumulative disadvantage score (n = 274; %)0.67
    09.911.2
    1-232.830.8
    325.220.3
    4-632.137.7
Health-related factors
    CES-D score ≥ 16 (%)52.449.00.56
    Alcohol use (%)0.69
    No drinks in past month46.949.7
    Up to 1 drink per week in past month39.534.8
    >1 drink per week in past month13.615.5
    Perceived Stress Scale score0.95
    Mean ± SD20.7 ± 7.220.8 ± 8.1
    Range0-365-37
Tobacco-related factors
    Cotinine concentration (ng/mL)0.09
    Mean ± SD228.3 ± 187.5268.6 ± 208.1
    Range0-9100-952
    Fagerström score0.26
    Mean ± SD4.07 ± 2.464.39 ± 2.39
    Range0-100-10
    Heavy Smoking Index0.09
    Mean ± SD2.7 ± 1.573.03 ± 1.60
    Range0-60-6
    Daily cigarette consumption (n)0.05
    Mean ± SD17.2 ± 9.419.4 ± 10.3
    Range3-703-50
    Decisional balance0.89
    Mean ± SD−7.83 ± 10.08−7.67 ± 9.78
    Range−32 to 30−33 to 26
    Ever tried to quit smoking (%)83.786.50.50

Abbreviations: CES-D, Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; HS, high school; SEP, socioeconomic position.