Table 2.

Moderators of quality of life response to exercise training in lymphoma patients

Baseline M (SD)Posttest M (SD)Adjusted M change, M (95% CI)Adjusted subgroup difference in M change, M (95% CI); PAdjusted interaction effect, M (95% CI); P
Patient preference
Preferred AET
    UC106.5 (20.3)108.1 (20.5)3.4 (−1.3 to 8.0)5.3 (−1.3 to 11.8); 0.11
    AET99.9 (21.6)109.6 (18.9)8.6 (4.2 to 13.0)7.8 (−9.0 to 24.5); 0.36
No preference
    UC98.9 (24.6)93.5 (25.3)−7.1 (2.7 to −16.8)13.0 (−2.2 to 28.3); 0.093
    AET101.9 (26.1)107.3 (18.7)6.0 (−5.9 to 17.8)
Marital status
Married
    UC104.0 (21.6)106.3 (20.6)3.8 (−0.9 to 8.4)4.3 (−2.3 to 10.9); 0.19
    AET100.7 (21.9)109.1 (19.6)8.1 (3.5 to 12.6)12.8 (−1.7 to 27.2); 0.083
Unmarried
    UC108.3 (20.1)102.7 (26.3)−6.5 (2.0 to −15.0)17.1 (4.2 to 29.9); 0.010
    AET98.0 (22.7)110.1 (15.1)10.6 (1.1 to 20.1)
Baseline general health
P/F
    UC73.4 (10.3)70.4 (16.2)−20.9 (−8.4 to −33.4)27.7 (12.7 to 42.7); <0.001P/F vs GD
    AET81.2 (15.2)105.8 (20.4)6.8 (−3.3 to 16.9)27.1 (9.3 to 44.8); 0.003
GD
    UC110.4 (14.1)111.5 (16.4)5.1 (−1.9 to 12.1)0.6 (−8.6 to 9.9); 0.89GD vs VG/EX
    AET100.3 (20.0)105.1 (17.6)5.8 (−0.3 to 11.8)−6.3 (6.6 to −19.1); 0.33
VG/EX
    UC108.5 (20.8)109.2 (19.3)4.5 (−0.9 to 10.0)6.9 (−1.9 to 15.6); 0.12P/F vs VG/EX
    AET110.7 (21.0)116.7 (17.8)11.4 (4.4 to 18.4)20.8 (3.1 to 38.6); 0.022
Baseline BMI
NW
    UC104.8 (22.6)100.5 (26.1)−4.4 (2.2 to −11.0)18.2 (7.7 to 28.7); 0.001NW vs OW
    AET100.7 (23.5)113.3 (16.1)13.8 (5.8 to 21.8)21.4 (7.4 to 35.4); 0.003
OW
    UC104.7 (21.6)111.4 (15.2)8.2 (1.5 to 14.9)−3.2 (−12.2 to 5.8); 0.47OB vs OW
    AET101.7 (23.0)107.4 (21.4)5.0 (−1.1 to 11.1)13.7 (6.6 to −19.1); 0.059
OB
    UC106.3 (19.5)104.1 (22.9)−1.0 (−9.0 to 7.0)10.5 (−0.5 to 21.4); 0.061NW vs OB
    AET97.5 (20.0)108.6 (17.1)9.5 (2.0 to 17.0)7.7 (−7.3 to 22.8); 0.31

NOTE: Mean (SD) at posttest are based on available data (n = 117). Adjusted mean change, adjusted subgroup difference in mean change, and adjusted interaction effect are estimated based on mixed model analysis adjusted for baseline value of the outcome, age, sex, disease stage, major disease type, current treatment status, and recent exercise (a covariate was excluded if tested as a moderator).

Abbreviations: UC, usual care; M, mean; 95% CI, 95% confidence interval; NW, normal weight; OW, overweight; OB, obese.