Table 1.

Body mass index and risk of several cancer types

Type of CancerMenWomenReference
RR (95% CI)*RR (95% CI)*
Endometrial2.89 (2.62-3.18)Reeves (2007) (ref. 10)
1.59 (1.50-1.68)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Esophageal adenocarcinoma1.52 (1.33-1.74)1.51 (1.31-1.74)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Postmenopausal breast1.40 (1.31-1.49)Reeves (2007) (ref. 10)
1.12 (1.08-1.16)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Colon1.30 (1.25-1.35)1.12 (1.07-1.18)Larsson (2007) (ref. 12)
1.53 (1.33-1.75)1.09 (0.93-1.28)Moghaddam (2007) (ref. 13)§
1.24 (1.20-1.28)1.09 (1.05-1.13)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Rectal1.12 (1.09-1.16)1.03 (0.99-1.08)Larsson (2007) (ref. 12)
1.27 (1.17-1.37)1.02 (0.85-1.22)Moghaddam (2007) (ref. 13)§
1.09 (1.06-1.12)1.02 (1.00-1.05)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Thyroid1.33 (1.04-1.70)1.14 (1.06-1.23)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Renal1.24 (1.15-1.34)1.34 (1.25-1.43)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Pancreatic1.16 (1.05-1.28)1.10 (1.02-1.09)Larsson (2007) (ref. 14)
1.07 (0.93-1.23)1.12 (1.02-1.22)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Ovarian1.14 (1.03-1.27)Reeves (2007) (ref. 10)
1.03 (0.99-1.08)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Multiple myeloma1.11 (1.05-1.18)1.11 (1.07-1.15)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Gallbladder1.09 (0.99-1.21)1.59 (1.02-2.47)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Leukemia1.08 (1.02-1.14)1.17 (1.04-1.32)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma1.06 (1.03-1.09)1.07 (1.00-1.14)Renehan (2008) (ref. 11)
Prostate high-grade1.25 (1.06-1.49)
Prostate low-grade0.85 (0.77-0.93)Hsing (2007) (ref. 15)
  • *Relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI).

  • Estimated trends in the RR associated with every 10 kg/m2 increase in Body Mass Index (BMI).

  • RR associated with every 5 kg/m2 increase in BMI.

  • §RR with BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 compared to BMI < 25 kg/m2.