Table 1.

Selected characteristics of ATLAS TGCC cases and controls

CharacteristicsControls (n = 630), n (%)Cases (n = 246), n (%)
Age
    18-2474 (11.8)33 (13.4)
    25-2980 (12.7)44 (17.9)
    30-34151 (24.0)54 (22.0)
    35-39158 (25.1)57 (23.2)
    40-44167 (26.5)58 (23.6)
Race
    White576 (91.4)241 (98.0)
    African American13 (2.1)0 (0)
    Asian24 (3.8)4 (1.6)
    Other17 (2.7)1 (0.4)
History of undescended testes
    No614 (97.5)221 (91.0)
    Yes16 (2.5)22 (9.1)
Family history TGCC in first-degree relative
    No548 (87.0)211 (85.8)
    Yes3 (0.5)6 (2.4)
    Unknown*79 (12.5)29 (11.8)
Education
    High school or less151 (24.0)70 (28.5)
    College/trade school385 (61.1)151 (61.4)
    Graduate school94 (14.9)25 (10.2)
Birthplace
    North America576 (91.4)234 (95.1)
    Outside North America54 (8.6)12 (4.9)
Breast-fed as an infant
    No237 (37.6)106 (43.1)
    Yes318 (50.5)111 (45.1)
    Unknown75 (11.9)29 (11.8)
BMI (kg/m2)
    18-24239 (38.0)96 (39.0)
    25-29281 (44.6)108 (43.9)
    ≥30110 (17.5)42 (17.1)
BMI change (kg/m2)
    >-223 (3.7)17 (7.0)
    -2 to +2466 (74.3)182 (74.9)
    >+2138 (22.0)44 (18.1)
  • * Includes participants that did not know family history (41 controls and 18 cases) and those that did not complete family history questionnaire (38 controls and 11 cases).

  • Includes participants that did not know breast-feeding history (47 controls and 20 cases) and those that did not complete natal questionnaire (28 controls and 9 cases).

  • Change in BMI between reference date and blood draw date.