Table 1.

Variations in Pap use, demographic, access factors, and cultural beliefs among Asian subgroups

VariablesChinese
Vietnamese
Korean
Filipino
Japanese
P*
n = 110n = 22n = 23n = 77n = 27
Having a Pap test ≤2 y, %71554881820.008
Age (y), %
    18-3954685242500.310
    40-49199263219
    ≥502723222631
College educated %82647893780.014
Married %62557464560.651
Language of interview, %
    English796452100100<0.0001
    Non-English21364800
Birthplace, %
    U.S. born27091756<0.0001
    Foreign born73100918344
Insured %93736587100<0.0001
Length of stay in the United States (y), %
    ≤102524222670.346
    >107576787493
Having a regular provider %76596582820.151
Health status, %
    Excellent/very good51233049630.023
    Good/fair/poor4977705137
Communication with providers, %
    Poor29394322110.070
    Non-poor7161577889
Eastern cultural views
    Mean4.804.455.365.275.810.010
    SD1.471.501.471.861.57
  • * P values were based on χ2 tests for categorical variables or the Fisher exact tests if the frequency of a cell is <5 such as language of interview. The mean score on the Eastern cultural scale was based on the t tests.

  • Scale scores ranged from 2 to 8, where the lowest scores indicated the most “Eastern” views of care (i.e., greater beliefs in the role of self-care and luck) and the highest scores indicated a more “Western” view.