Table 4.

OR (95% CI)* for HPV DNA and antibody positivity according to selected participant characteristics, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, 2005

Risk factorNo. womenHPV DNA
HPV antibodies
n positive (%)OR (95% CI)n positive (%)OR (95% CI)
Age group
    <2519695 (48.5)1 (-)65 (33.2)1
    25-2912956 (43.4)0.7 (0.5-1.2)40 (31.0)0.9 (0.5-1.4)
    30-3412441 (33.1)0.5 (0.3-0.8)41 (33.1)1.0 (0.6-1.6)
    35-3913336 (27.1)0.4 (0.2-0.6)55 (41.4)1.4 (0.9-2.2)
    40-4412335 (28.5)0.4 (0.3-0.7)44 (35.8)1.2 (0.7-1.9)
    45-4912733 (26.0)0.4 (0.2-0.6)56 (44.1)1.7 (1.0-2.6)
    ≥5013743 (31.4)0.5 (0.3-0.8)67 (48.9)2.0 (1.2-3.1)
    χ21 for trendP < 0.001P < 0.001
Occupation
    Manual worker434147 (33.9)1 (-)162 (37.3)1 (-)
    Clerk434146 (33.6)1.0 (0.8-1.4)174 (40.1)1.1 (0.8-1.4)
    Unemployed/students9344 (47.3)1.4 (0.9-2.2)30 (32.3)0.8 (0.5-1.3)
Education
    ≥Senior high school555194 (35.0)1 (-)212 (38.2)1 (-)
    ≤Junior high school411143 (34.8)1.1 (0.8-1.4)154 (37.5)1.0 (0.7-1.3)
Marital status
    Married701208 (29.7)1 (-)275 (39.2)1 (-)
    Single201107 (53.2)1.8 (1.2-2.8)61 (30.4)0.7 (0.5-1.2)
    Widow/separated6523 (35.4)1.3 (0.7-2.3)32 (49.2)1.3 (0.8-2.2)
Lifetime no. sexual partners
    1407121 (29.7)1 (-)145 (35.6)1 (-)
    224988 (35.3)1.3 (0.9-1.8)91 (36.6)1.1 (0.8-1.5)
    314762 (42.2)1.8 (1.2-2.7)59 (40.1)1.3 (0.9-1.9)
    ≥415762 (39.5)1.6 (1.1-2.3)69 (44.0)1.5 (1.0-2.1)
    χ21 for trendP = 0.005P = 0.042
Husbands' extramarital sexual relationships
    Never23472 (30.8)1 (-)77 (32.9)1 (-)
    Ever471169 (35.9)1.0 (0.7-1.5)189 (40.1)1.4 (1.0-2.0)
Induced abortion
    Never325103 (31.7)1 (-)102 (31.4)1 (-)
    Ever606217 (35.8)1.6 (1.2-2.2)250 (41.3)1.4 (1.0-1.9)
History of Pap test
    Never856291 (34.0)1 (-)327 (38.2)1 (-)
    Ever8338 (45.8)1.9 (1.2-3.1)28 (33.7)0.7 (0.4-1.1)
Cytology
    Normal842257 (30.5)1 (-)312 (37.1)1 (-)
    AGUS/ASCUS/ASC-H8542 (49.4)2.2 (1.4-3.5)34 (40.0)1.1 (0.7-1.8)
    LSIL2928 (96.6)61.1 (8.2-455)12 (41.4)1.4 (0.7-3.0)
    HSIL1312 (92.3)30.7 (3.9-240)10 (76.9)5.5 (1.5-20)
    χ21 for trendP < 0.001P = 0.020
  • * Adjusted for age and lifetime number of sexual partners.

  • L1 antibodies for HPV 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58.