Table 1.

Case distribution and alcohol consumption in male EPIC participants by country

Non-consumers at baseline (%)Ethanol intake at baseline [g/d; median (IQR)]*Average lifetime ethanol intake [g/d; median (IQR)]*,CasesCases (subgroup)Advanced casesHigh-grade casesPerson-years
Denmark1.822.0 (12.1-44.9)18.1 (10.4-30.1)368368104112198,667
Italy4.023.2 (6.4-36.6)20.5 (8.2-34.7)*1411403030120,440
Germany4.119.6 (8.6-36.6)19.8 (10.6-34.3)4064069299177,079
Greece10.111.2 (4.2-24.6)18.1 (7.3-39.4)40409873,990
The Netherlands9.013.5 (5.1-27.2)*58291481,984
Spain14.430.5 (12.6-54.0)40.6 (19.3-70.4)2042012346156,086
Sweden7.86.9 (3.1-14.3)*971153170233,510
United Kingdom6.48.6 (2.6-17.1)10.1 (4.7-19.6)46745398165193,608
All6.514.5 (5.6-32.1)18.4 (8.6-34.4)2,6551,6085376441,235,364
  • Abbreviation: IQR, interquartile range.

  • * In consumers.

  • Information on life-long alcohol consumption was not available for Naples, Bilthoven, and Sweden.

  • Cases with information on past alcohol consumption.