Table 1.

Baseline characteristics of the participants in the randomized trial

Case management intervention group (n = 683), n (%)
Mean (SD) age at randomization63.1 (5.5)
Education
    Less than high school168 (24.7)
    High school graduate146 (21.5)
    Some college237 (34.8)
    College graduate/postgraduate129 (19.0)
Income
    Low199 (30.4)
    Moderate to high455 (69.6)
Marital status
    Married460 (67.5)
    Not married*221 (32.5)
Work status
    Currently working243 (35.8)
    Retired378 (55.7)
    Extended sick leave/disabled/unemployed58 (8.5)
Baseline history
    High blood pressure353 (55.2)
    Coronary heart disease87 (15.8)
    Stroke34 (6.5)
    Chronic bronchitis30 (5.8)
    Diabetes134 (23.9)
    Arthritis248 (43.0)
    Gallbladder stones (or inflammation)26 (5.0)
    Relative ever diagnosed with cancer276 (40.4)
    Ever smoked493 (72.2)
    Currently smoke168 (24.6)
  • * This category includes separated, widowed, divorced, and never married participants.

  • This category includes two homemakers.