Table 1.

List of studies (n = 29), study subgroups (n = 39), and time frame included in these analyses

StudyFirst authorPublication yearNo. strataSubgroupProceduresTime frame (y)
1Warnecke19761PapLifetime
2Sawyer19891Pap3
3Boyce19901Pap5
4King19901Mam1
5Michielutte19911Pap0
6Brown19921Mam, DRE, FOBT0.21
7Degnan19921Mam2
8Mckenna19921Pap3
9Gordon19931Mam, CBE, Pap, DRE, FOBT, Sig2
10Sudman19941Mam, CBE, Pap, FOBT5
11Hiatt19954Non-Hispanic menMam, CBE, Pap, DRE, FOBT Sig2
Hispanic men
Non-Hispanic women
Hispanic women
12Lipkus19961DRE2
13Paskett19961Mam, PapLifetime
14Fowles19971Pap3
15Mcgovern19981Mam, Pap1
16Jordan19991PSA, DRE2
17Lawrence19992Military health systemMam1.167
County health system
18Mandelson19991FOBT5
19Thompson19991Mam7
20Baier20001FOBT, Sig, Col4
21Pizarro20021Pap1
22Volk20021PSA1
23Lipkus20031FOBT1
24Caplan2003a1Mam2
25Caplan2003b1Mam, CBE, Pap2
26Chan20042Clinic 1PSASame day
Clinic 2
27Hall20043Black menPSA, DRE, FOBT, Sig, Col2
White men
Women
28Tumiel-Berhalter20043Puerto-RicanMam, Pap1.5
Black
White
29Johnson20052TelephoneMam Pap CBE3
Self-interview (ACASI)
  • Abbreviations: Mam, mammogram; Pap, Pap smear; Sig, sigmoidoscopy; Col, colonoscopy; ACASI, audio computer-assisted self-interview.