Table 3.

PSA test use for any reason within the past 2 years among men ages 40 to 79 years who had not had prostate cancer, adjusted for demographic and personal characteristics, by age group, NHIS 2005

VariableAge 40-49 y*
Age 50-79 y*
% (95% CI)P% (95% CI)P
Demographics
    Age (y)<0.001
        50-6444.2 (42.0-46.5)<0.001
        65-7960.6 (57.6-63.5)
    Race or ethnicity0.0020.238
        Non-Hispanic White14.6 (12.8-16.3)48.8 (46.7-50.9)
        Non-Hispanic Black25.7 (19.0-32.4)0.00249.9 (44.7-55.2)0.692
        Hispanic20.1 (14.5-25.7)0.07355.0 (47.7-62.2)0.123
        Non-Hispanic other15.2 (5.8-24.5)0.90344.6 (34.5-54.7)0.433
    Region0.0210.144
        Northeast20.4 (16.7-24.0)49.4 (45.6-53.3)
        Midwest13.5 (10.3-16.8)0.00547.4 (43.7-51.1)0.457
        South16.7 (14.2-19.2)0.10551.6 (48.5-54.7)0.394
        West14.2 (10.5-17.9)0.02046.6 (42.9-50.2)0.285
    Length of U.S. residence (y)0.9460.006
        <1016.8 (6.1-27.4)0.90739.2 (21.0-57.4)0.233
        ≥1015.4 (10.5-20.3)0.78739.2 (33.0-45.3)0.001
        Born in U.S.16.1 (14.4-17.8)50.4 (48.4-52.5)
Socioeconomic variables
    Education0.004<0.001
        Less than high school13.9 (9.2-18.6)40.2 (35.2-45.2)
        High school graduate11.9 (9.3-14.6)0.47943.6 (40.6-46.7)0.207
        Some college17.3 (14.0-20.5)0.23949.6 (46.1-53.1)0.003
        College graduate19.4 (16.5-22.4)0.06157.9 (54.9-60.9)<0.001
    Poverty threshold (%)0.0060.003
        <20012.3 (8.4-16.1)41.2 (37.0-45.5)
        200-<30012.7 (8.8-16.5)0.87746.7 (41.7-51.7)0.100
        300-<40013.0 (9.1-16.9)0.79750.1 (44.9-55.2)0.007
        400-<50015.0 (10.3-19.7)0.39553.3 (47.6-59.0)0.001
        ≥50020.4 (17.4-23.5)0.00351.4 (47.8-54.9)0.001
        Unknown16.1 (11.9-20.4)0.17250.3 (46.8-53.8)0.001
    Marital status0.0770.003
        Married or living with partner16.7 (14.8-18.5)50.5 (48.4-52.5)
        Divorced or separated§16.4 (12.5-20.3)0.91044.3 (40.2-48.3)0.005
        Widowed46.5 (39.4-53.6)0.284
        Never married11.4 (7.6-15.1)0.01441.1 (35.1-47.2)0.004
Access to healthcare
    Health insurance0.063<0.001
        None10.5 (6.0-15.0)0.01239.0 (32.1-45.9)0.001
        Public12.0 (5.8-18.1)0.12642.6 (38.3-47.0)<0.001
        Private or military17.1 (15.3-18.9)51.1 (49.1-53.1)
    Usual source of medical care0.003<0.001
        Yes17.1 (15.3-18.9)51.2 (49.3-53.1)
        No8.7 (4.9-12.4)<0.00125.3 (19.6-30.9)<0.001
Health status
    Reported health status0.2590.589
        Excellent17.6 (14.4-20.8)49.3 (45.6-52.9)
        Very good14.2 (11.6-16.8)0.10150.3 (47.2-53.4)0.635
        Good16.0 (12.6-19.3)0.52047.4 (44.2-50.6)0.478
        Fair or poor18.9 (12.7-25.0)0.73350.0 (45.1-54.8)0.828
    Family history of prostate cancer<0.001<0.001
        Yes36.6 (26.9-46.2)<0.00163.2 (57.7-68.8)<0.001
        No14.8 (13.3-16.3)47.9 (46.0-49.9)
    No. chronic diseases<0.001<0.001
        None12.6 (10.8-14.4)43.8 (41.0-46.6)
        124.3 (20.1-28.5)<0.00153.6 (50.7-56.6)<0.001
        219.5 (12.5-26.6)0.07551.9 (48.0-55.8)0.001
        ≥318.2 (6.4-30.1)0.36753.7 (48.5-59.0)0.002
    Ever told had cancer0.0500.008
        Yes25.3 (14.6-36.0)0.08755.6 (50.5-60.8)0.008
        No15.8 (14.2-17.4)48.4 (46.6-50.3)
  • * Numbers may differ from totals due to “don't know,” refused, or missing responses.

  • % Population estimates adjusted for NHIS sampling design.

  • P values for a Wald F test when the P value is located on the row of a main effect. P values for a Wald t test when the P value is located on the level (category) within a main effect. The reference levels are blank.

  • § This category includes widowers for those ages 40 to 49 y.