Table 2.

Estimated percentage of men ages 40 to 79 years who had not had prostate cancer and had reported a PSA test for any reason within the past 2 years, by age group, NHIS 2005

VariableAge 40-49 y
Age 50-79 y
n* (%)95% CIPn* (%)95% CIP
Demographics
    All men2,513 (16.0)14.5-17.64,341 (49.0)47.2-50.8
    Age (y)4,341<0.001
        50-642,909 (43.7)41.7-45.8
        65-791,432 (61.2)58.4-64.0<0.001
    Race or ethnicity2,5130.0374,341<0.001
        Non-Hispanic White1,688 (15.6)13.9-17.53,170 (51.9)49.9-54.0
        Non-Hispanic Black293 (23.0)17.6-29.50.021533 (42.8)37.2-48.50.004
        Hispanic430 (12.8)9.6-16.70.169488 (35.0)30.2-40.2<0.001
        Non-Hispanic other102 (14.3)7.4-25.90.781150 (33.6)25.3-43.1<0.001
    Region2,5130.0054,3410.070
        Northeast427 (21.2)17.5-25.4817 (49.9)46.1-53.8
        Midwest574 (12.9)10.2-16.40.0021,008 (47.5)43.8-51.30.383
        South896 (17.1)14.9-19.60.0871,577 (51.5)48.5-54.40.540
        West616 (13.3)10.4-17.00.003939 (45.5)42.0-49.10.097
    Length of U.S. residence (y)2,4960.3914,325<0.001
        <1089 (11.8)5.2-24.60.33265 (28.5)14.8-47.90.010
        ≥10382 (14.0)10.2-18.90.284517 (34.5)29.8-39.5<0.001
        Born in U.S.2,025 (16.5)14.9-18.33,743 (51.2)49.3-53.1
Socioeconomic variables
    Education2,505<0.0014,299<0.001
        Less than high school388 (9.8)7.0-13.5765 (37.9)33.6-42.3
        High school graduate739 (10.9)8.4-13.80.6141,239 (43.0)40.0-46.00.047
        Some college675 (18.0)14.9-21.7<0.0011,050 (49.9)46.4-53.5<0.001
        College graduate703 (22.3)19.2-25.8<0.0011,245 (59.8)57.1-62.4<0.001
    Poverty threshold (%)§2,513<0.0014,341<0.001
        <200464 (9.4)6.9-12.6874 (33.9)30.3-37.7
        200-<300326 (11.2)8.0-15.50.401488 (44.7)39.8-49.70.001
        300-<400345 (14.2)10.0-19.60.096458 (49.7)44.0-55.5<0.001
        400-<500256 (15.5)11.1-21.20.040352 (53.6)47.4-59.7<0.001
        ≥500682 (23.8)20.6-27.3<0.0011,144 (55.6)52.3-58.9<0.001
        Unknown440 (14.2)10.8-18.30.0461,025 (51.0)47.5-54.5<0.001
    Marital status2,5030.0044,329<0.001
        Married or living with partner1,554 (17.3)15.5-19.32,827 (51.9)49.9-53.9
        Divorced or separated§520 (13.3)10.3-17.10.047860 (38.5)34.9-42.3<0.001
        Widowed269 (48.1)40.9-55.30.305
        Never married429 (10.5)7.6-14.50.001373 (32.1)27.0-37.6<0.001
Access to healthcare
    Health insurance2,505<0.0014,332<0.001
        None522 (6.0)4.1-8.6<0.001437 (21.1)17.2-25.7<0.001
        Public180 (10.2)6.2-16.30.002756 (43.0)39.0-47.1<0.001
        Private or military1,803 (18.8)17.0-20.83,139 (53.3)51.3-55.3
    Usual source of medical care2,512<0.0014,336<0.001
        Yes1,996 (18.3)16.5-20.23,864 (52.7)50.8-54.6
        No516 (5.4)3.5-8.2<0.001472 (14.8)11.3-19.1<0.001
    Seen physician or healthcare provider in the past year2,504<0.0014,328<0.001
        Yes1,790 (20.4)18.5-22.53,651 (54.8)53.0-56.7
        No714 (3.8)2.5-5.7<0.001677 (14.9)11.9-18.5<0.001
Health status
    Reported health status2,5110.6594,3400.400
        Excellent734 (17.2)14.3-20.6862 (48.7)45.2-52.3
        Very good872 (14.9)12.3-17.80.2791,286 (51.2)48.0-54.40.289
        Good640 (15.4)12.4-18.90.4561,326 (47.3)44.2-50.50.582
        Fair or poor265 (17.3)12.8-22.90.982866 (48.4)44.0-52.90.916
    Family history of prostate cancer2,447<0.0014,167<0.001
        Yes127 (39.0)29.3-49.5<0.001304 (66.4)60.3-72.0<0.001
        No2,320 (14.6)13.1-16.23,863 (47.6)45.6-49.5
    No. chronic diseases2,513<0.0014,341<0.001
        None1,732 (12.4)10.9-14.11,812 (40.7)38.2-43.3
        1555 (25.6)21.6-30.1<0.0011,325 (55.2)52.1-58.2<0.001
        2170 (18.6)12.8-26.20.087796 (54.4)50.4-58.3<0.001
        ≥356 (16.0)8.6-27.80.469408 (57.2)52.0-62.3<0.001
    Ever told had cancer2,5130.0234,341<0.001
        Yes60 (32.1)20.5-46.40.016412 (63.8)58.3-68.9<0.001
        No2,453 (15.6)14.1-17.23,929 (47.4)45.5-49.2
  • * Numbers may differ from totals due to “don't know,” refused, or missing responses.

  • % Population estimates adjusted for NHIS sampling design.

  • P values for a χ2 test when the P value is located on a row of a main effect. P values for a general linear contrast comparing a row's percentage to its reference level are located on the level (category) within the main effect. The reference levels are blank.

  • § This category includes widowers for ages 40 to 49 y.

  • Based on reported number of visits to a provider in the past year.