Table 2.

Median (25th, 75th percentiles) for meat and meat mutagen intake levels, the TCPS, 2003-2005

Polyp type
Adenomatous onlyHyperplastic onlyConcurrent adenomatous and hyperplasticControlsP*
Male
    Total meat (g/d)108.7 (66.1, 157.9)117.1 (83.1, 167.1)120.6 (68.8, 171.7)106.3 (67.4, 154.7)0.092
    Red meat (g/d)64.7 (29.7, 100.6)74.0 (37.2, 110.5)69.1 (38.5, 116.1)56.7 (26.7, 96.6)0.001
    MeIQx (ng/d)51.9 (21.9, 107.6)70.6 (28.3, 120.5)60.6 (26.3, 116.0)49.6 (21.3, 98.5)0.004
    PhIP (ng/d)193.0 (88.2, 385.6)234.9 (130.3, 423.3)225.0 (112.7, 459.1)221.2 (96.5, 401.5)0.154
    DiMeIQx (ng/d)3.5 (1.3, 8.4)4.4 (1.8, 9.3)4.5 (1.9, 9.2)3.6 (1.2, 7.7)0.015
    BaP (ng/d)37.3 (12.6, 90.4)56.4 (16.4, 113.8)44.0 (15.7, 100.1)46.5 (12.6, 103.4)0.095
    Mutagenic activity (revertants colony)8,376 (4,702, 15,353)10,031 (5,315, 19,686)10,346 (5,081, 19,280)9,316 (4,616, 16,103)0.083
    Total energy intake (kcal/d)1,622 (1,209, 2,103)1,700 (1,151, 2,106)1,578 (1,279, 1,981)1,582 (1,193, 2,030)0.676
Female
    Total meat (g/d)79.0 (48.0, 103.7)83.2 (56.5, 117.6)78.4 (57.1, 110.6)72.8 (49.9, 109.3)0.295
    Red meat (g/d)30.8 (13.7, 50.0)39.3 (20.4, 58.7)48.2 (23.9, 83.9)26.5 (9.4, 52.1)0.004
    MeIQx (ng/d)29.9 (11.4, 48.1)34.0 (14.5, 66.4)43.5 (20.3, 72.8)24.7 (9.3, 51.5)0.043
    PhIP (ng/d)178.4 (75.0, 327.2)196.0 (84.9, 413.9)148.5 (74.5, 274.2)143.7 (60.9, 271.5)0.039
    DiMeIQx (ng/d)2.7 (0.7, 5.1)3.6 (1.8, 7.1)3.5 (1.4, 6.4)2.5 (0.8, 5.0)0.054
    BaP (ng/d)24.9 (9.1, 62.3)32.7 (11.2, 68.3)21.7 (8.5, 58.1)20.8 (6.5, 54.2)0.063
    Mutagenicity (revertants colony)6,607 (3,884, 11,294)6,885 (4,294, 13,968)7,305 (5,351, 12,289)6,540 (3,537, 10,593)0.203
    Total energy intake (kcal/d)1,387 (1,017, 1,823)1,491 (1,213, 1,767)1,610 (1,152, 1,762)1,462 (1,108, 1,802)0.702
  • * Derived from the Kruskal-Wallis test.

  • The red meat category includes hamburgers or cheeseburgers, beef steaks, pork chops or ham steaks, bacon, sausage, hotdogs or franks, and short ribs or spareribs. Total meat included all red meat items, chicken, and fish.

  • Among those who completed the FFQ.